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Clayton Barney Vogel
Nickname "Barney"
Born (1882-09-18)September 18, 1882
Died November 26, 1964(1964-11-26) (aged 82)
Place of birth Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Place of death Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Buried at section 30 Arlington National Cemetery[1]
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1904-1946
Rank Major General
Unit 2nd Marine Regiment, USS Nebraska (BB-14), USS Pocahontas (ID-3044), Nicargauan National Guard, Garde d'Haiti, Judge Advocate General Corps
Commands held 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade (United States), 2nd Marine Division (United States), Second Joint Training Force Pacific Fleet, Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island
Battles/wars World War II

Major General Clayton Barney Vogel was a United States Marine Corps general who served in a variety of capacities from 1902 until 1946. He is best known for his support of the Navajo code talker program.

Early life

Vogel was born on 18 September 1882 in Philadelphia, P.A. His father, Theodore Knight Vogel was a founding member of the Loyal Legion and a Captain in the Union Army.[1] He graduated from Rutgers University in 1904. He was commissioned into the Marine Corps in 1904.

Navajo Code Talkers

On February 28, 1942, General Vogel testing the idea of the Navajo code talkers by "installing a telephone connection between two offices and wrote out six messages that were typical of those sent during combat. One of those messages read "Enemy expected to make tank and dive bomber attack at dawn." The Navajo managed to transmit the message almost verbatim: "Enemy tank dive bomber expected to attack this morning." The remaining messages were translated with similar proficiency, which duly impressed General Vogel [2]

On 6 March 1942, General Vogel wrote a letter to the Commandant of the Marine Corps Thomas Holcomb recommending the Navajo Code Talkers.[3] The Navajo were recommended, in part, because Nazi Germany had not infiltrated the Navajo as they were the only "tribe that has not been infested with German students during the past twenty years. These Germans, studying the various tribal dialects under the guise of art students, anthropologists, etc., have undoubedtly obtained a good working knowledge of all tribal dialects except Navaho."


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