Military Wiki

Flag of Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army

The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (simplified Chinese: 中国工农红军; traditional Chinese: 中國工農紅軍; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gōngnóng Hóngjūn), also known as the Chinese Red Army, or simply the Red Army, was group army under the command of the Communist Party of China.


The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army was created on May 25, 1928 in the First Chinese Civil War. Between 1934 to 1935, the Red Army survived several campaigns led against by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and engaged in the Long March. By the time of 1934 Long March, numerous small units had been organized into three unified groups, the First Red Army (紅一方面軍), the Second Red Army (紅二方面軍) and the Fourth Red Army (紅四方面軍). The Third Red Army and Fifth Red Army in southern Kangsi under command of Bo Gu and Li De. During the anti-Japanese war was broken out on July 7, 1937. The communist military forces were nominally integrated into the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China forming the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army units.

Main Leadership

First Red Army:

Second Red Army:

  • General He Long and Xiao Ke
  • Communist Party Director Ren Bishi and Guan Xiangying

Fourth Red Army:


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 李涛 (2012年11月1日) (in Simplified Chinese). 《湘江血泪:中央红军长征突破四道封锁线纪实》. 长征出版社. ISBN 9787802047488. 
  2. 《中國國民黨史》:“赤匪自稱這次流竄為長征。這次長征開始於民國二十三年十月,到二十四年一月,紅軍主力已到達貴州的遵義。”

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