The Chief of the Staff of the French Army (French language: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre, CEMAT) is the professional head of the French Army. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army has been General Bertrand Ract-Madoux since September, 1st 2011. The CEMAT title has been in use since 1962; prior to that the position for the general in charge of France's land forces was referred to as Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée. The modern form of a general staff for the French Army emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, with Louis Alexandre Berthier being Chief-of-Staff for the Grand État-Major Général (Army General Headquarters) of Napoleon's Grand Armée.
French Army Chiefs of Staff
Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée
- Marie-Joseph François de Miribel (1891-1893)
- Raoul Le Mouton de Boisdeffre (1894-1898)
- Paul Marie Brault (1899)
- Jean Marie Pendezec (1901-1905)
- Jean Jules Brun (1905-1909)
- Édouard Laffon de Ladebat (1909-1911)
- Auguste Dubail (1911)
- Joseph Joffre (28 July 1911 – 2 August 1914)
First World War
In times of war, the army chief of staff took charge of general headquarters (GQG: Grand Quartier Général). During the First World War, the leader of the French armies was variously referred to as supreme general (generalissimo) or commander-in-chief. In the closing years of the war, the establishment of the Supreme War Council in 1917 led to overall command being held by French general Ferdinand Foch, and by mid-1918 French army chief Pétain was subordinate to Foch.
- Joseph Joffre (August 1914 to December 1916)
- Robert Nivelle (December 1916 to May 1917)
- Philippe Pétain (May 1917 to 1918)
Second World War
- Paul Henri Romuald Ely (1954)
Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre
- Louis Le Puloch (18 July 1962 to 2 April 1965)
- Emile Cantarel (3 April 1965 to 31 March 1971)
- Alain de Boissieu (May 1971 – February 1975)
- Jean Lagarde (1975– 4 September 1980)
- Jean Delaunay (4 September 1980 – 10 March 1983)
- René Imbot (10 March 1983 – 1985)
- Maurice Schmitt (1985–1987)
- Gilbert Forray (1987–1991)
- Amédée-Marc Monchal (1991–1996)
- Philippe Mercier (1996–1999)
- Yves Crene (1999–2002)
- Bernard Thorette (2 September 2002 – 15 July 2006)
- Bruno Cuche (16 July 2006 – 1 July 2008)
- Elrick Irastorza (2 July 2008 – 31 August 2011)
- Bertrand Ract-Madoux (1 September 2011 – )
- Chief of the Defence Staff (French: Chef d'État-Major des Armées, CEMA)
- Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de l'Air, CEMAA)
- Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM)
- Chief of Army Staff
- Chief of staff#Military
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