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Charles Pierre René Victoire Corvisart
Charles Pierre René Victoire Corvisart
Born (1857-06-29)29 June 1857
Died 7 March 1939(1939-03-07) (aged 81)
Place of birth Saint-Cloud, France
Place of death Paris, France
Allegiance  France
Service/branch French Army
Years of service 1877-1919
Rank Major General
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Legion Honneur GO ribbon.svg Legion of Honor
Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with palm.jpg Croix de guerre
Grande ufficiale OCI Kingdom BAR.svg Order of the Crown of Italy
Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Medal
Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

Baron Charles Pierre René Victoire Corvisart (KCMG) (29 June 1857 – 7 May 1939) was a general in the French Army who rose to prominence in World War I and a diplomat.


Corvisart was the grandnephew of Napoleon I's personal physician Jean-Nicolas Corvisart, and son of Baron Francois Remy Corvisart Lucien (1824–1882), medical officer of Heath Service of the French Second Empire. He was born at Château de Saint-Cloud, outside of Paris, and was a playmate of the Prince Imperial as a child. In 1877 he entered the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, where he specialized in cavalry.

From January 1900 to July 1904, Corvisart was a lieutenant-colonel and military attache at the French Embassy in Tokyo, Japan, and subsequently served as an official observer to Japanese operations in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. He was promoted to colonel in 1906. During his stay in Japan, he learned Japanese, and translates and annotated the official Japanese Field Service Regulations of the Imperial Japanese Army in 1907.[1]

On 28 July 1911, Corvisart was promoted to brigadier general and was in command of the 11th Dragoon Brigade at the start of World War I. He was transferred to command the French 9th Infantry Division on 2 August 1915 and the 123rd French Infantry Division of 14 June 1915. He rose to command the French 17th Army Corps on 30 April 1917.[2] He was awarded the Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor by the French government and the Army Distinguished Service Medal by the United States government for his role in the Battle of Verdun.

After the end of the war, he served as a military attache to the French Embassy in London from 2 September 1918. He went into the reserves on 29 June 1919 and retired completely from military service on 31 October 1919.


Selected works

See also


  1. Sisemore, James D. (2003) "The Russo-Japanese War, Lessons Not Learned," p. 109. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Military Times: Army Distinguished Service Medal, US War Department, General Orders No. 4 (1923); authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918.


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