Charioteer at Latrun museum.
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Used by||British Army|
Lebanese civil war
|Manufacturer||Robinson and Kershaw Ltd, Cheshire|
|Ordnance QF 20 pounder|
The Charioteer officially known as FV4101 Cromwell Heavy AT Gun and FV4101 Tank Medium, Charioteer was a British armoured fighting vehicle. It was produced in the 1950s as a self-propelled anti-tank gun to add firepower to units serving in West Germany by mounting a 20 pdr (84mm) gun on a Cromwell tank chassis.
In the early 1950s, in an attempt to give extra firepower to the Territorial Army units of the Royal Armoured Corps, some Cromwell tanks received a 20 pounder gun (the same as used by the Centurion) in a new but lightly armoured two-man turret. The resulting vehicle was designated as the FV 4101 Charioteer tank destroyer. About 200 units were converted by Robinson and Kershaw Ltd in Cheshire.
In practice the Charioteer was used by British Territorial Army units only and during mid and late 1950s most of the vehicles were sold to Austria, Finland, Jordan and Lebanon.
- A Charioteer is on display at the Bovington Tank Museum in Dorset, UK.
- A Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display in the Parola tank museum.
- Another Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display in Lappeenranta near the main entrance of Army Academy.
- A Charioteer tank destroyer is on outdoor display in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel.
- An Austrian Charioteer in the Austrian Military Museum (HGM - Heeresgeschichtliches Museum) in Vienna
- Austria – Austria purchased 56 vehicles in 1956.
- Finland – Finland bought 38 "Charioteer Mk VII Model B" by 1960 and they remained in use until 1979. The tanks were stored until 2007 when they were auctioned off.
- Jordan – Jordan equipped two squadrons (24 vehicles) of their 3rd Tank Regiment in 1954. Some of the Jordanian Charioteers were sold to Lebanon.
- Lebanon – Lebanese Army (43 vehicles), passed on in 1976 to several Lebanese or Palestinian warring factions.
- United Kingdom
- Lebanese Arab Army – unknown number in service (1976–77).
- Lebanese Forces – unknown number in service (1980–1993).
- Palestine – several ex-Lebanese vehicles employed by the Palestine Liberation Organization against Israeli forces in Southern Lebanon during the 1978 South Lebanon conflict.
- Tigers Militia, Lebanon – unknown number in service (1976–1980).
Notes and references
- Bingham, James (1971). "AFV Profile No. 25 Cromwell and Comet". Profile Publishing.
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