1307 (1891)-P. 4
18 Mart (5 Mart) Kahramanı|
(Hero of March 18)
|Born||September 14, 1870|
|Died||13 March 1938(aged 67)|
|Place of birth||Sultanahmet, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire|
|Place of death||Istanbul, Turkey|
|Buried at||Erenköy Mezarlığı|
|Years of service||
Turkey: January 15, 1922-September 14, 1935
|Commands held||Dardanelles Fortified Area Command, XIV Corps, XV Corps, XIV Corps, VIII Corps, Second Army (deputy), Eighth Army, War Minister, Chief of the General Staff, El-Cezire Front, Third Army, member of the Supreme Military Council|
First World War
War of Independence
Family and schools
Cevat was born on September 14, 1870 or in 1871 in Sultanahmet (Istanbul, Ottoman Empire) to mother Emine Hanım and father Müşir Şakir Pasha.
After graduating from Galatasaray High School, he entered Harbiye Mektibi (Mekteb-i Fünûn-u Harbiyye-i Şâhâne) in 1888. He completed the military school as the fourth of the class on 1891 and joined the Ottoman military as an Infantry Second Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Sani). And he continued to study in the War Academy (Staff College, Mekteb-i Erkân-ı Harbiye-i Şâhâne), present day: Harp Akademisi) and in 1892, he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant (Mülâzım-ı Evvel). In 1894, he graduated from Academy as a Staff Captain (Erkân-ı Harp Yüzbaşısı) and started to serve for the General Staff of Palace (Maiyet-i Seniyye Erkân-ı Harbiyesi) as an aide-de-camp of Sultan.
World War I
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He was one of the Malta exiles.
Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, painter Aliye Berger, and Princess Fahrelnissa Zeid were his nephews and niece.
Medals and Decorations
- Order of the Medjidieh 1st Class with Sword
- Gold Medal of Liyakat
- Gold Medal of Imtiyaz
- Bulgaria Order of Military Merit (Bulgaria)
- Bulgaria Order of St Alexander 2nd Class
- Spain Order of Isabella the Catholic 2nd Class
- Prussia Order of the Crown (Prussia) 2nd Class
- Prussia Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class
- Prussia Order of the Red Eagle
- Bavaria Military Merit Order (Bavaria) 2nd Class with Sword
- Bavaria Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown 1st Class with Sword
- Austria-Hungary Military Merit Medal (Austria-Hungary) 2nd Class
- Austria-Hungary Red Cross 1st Class
- Austria-Hungary Order of the Iron Crown (Austria) 1st Class
- Austria-Hungary Order of the Iron Crown 2nd Class Military
- Medal of Independence with Red Ribbon & Citation
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cevat Çobanlı.|
- T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 22. (Turkish)
- Mesut Aydın, Türkiye ve Irak Hudûdu Mes'elesi, Avrasya Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Yayınları, 2001, p. 53.
- Genelkurmay, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 23.
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