Military Wiki
Catterick Garrison
Population 13,000

Catterick Garrison is a major garrison and town located 3 miles south of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is the largest British Army garrison in the world with a population of around 13,000 and measuring over 2,400 acres, however under plans announced by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in November 2005, the population of Catterick Garrison is expected to grow to over 25,000 by 2020, making it the largest population centre in the local area.[1]


The siting of the garrison was first recommended by Robert Baden-Powell who founded the Scouting movement in 1908 whilst he was based at the army barracks—at that time located in Richmond Castle.[2] On 12 August 1914, the order was issued for the construction of the camp, following the outbreak of the First World War. The originally intention for Catterick was to be a temporary camp to accommodate two complete divisions with around 40,000 men in 2,000 huts.[3] The base was originally named Richmond Camp until being changed to Catterick Camp in 1915, later modified to Catterick Garrison. After serving as a prisoner of war camp at the end of the First World War, the idea to make Catterick a permanent military barracks was first suggested after the partitioning of Ireland in 1921, the required land was purchased and building plans were put forward in 1923 and by the mid 1930s most of the camp's facilities were complete, during the Second World War the camp was once again used to house prisoners of war.[4]


The town lies within the Richmond (Yorks) parliamentary constituency, which has been represented since 1989 by Conservative William Hague. It also lies within the Central Richmondshire electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and its boundaries lie in both the Hipswell and Scotton wards of Richmondshire District Council.[5]


Catterick Garrison is located on the A6136 road, connecting Richmond with the A1 road at Catterick Village, 4.7 miles (7.6 km) to the east. Nearby settlements to Catterick Garrison include the suburban settlements of Scotton 1.6 miles (2.6 km) south and Hipswell 0.7 miles (1.1 km) to the east, as well as Colburn, 1.9 miles (3.1 km) to the east.


The Garrison is without a railway station, Catterick Camp railway station served as a terminus station on the Eryholme-Richmond branch line until its closure in 1964, the closest mainline railway stations are now found at Northallerton and Darlington, both are equidistant, at 15.9 miles (25.6 km) south-east and north-east respectively. Regular bus services to Richmond and Darlington are operated by Arriva North East, the closest airport is Durham Tees Valley Airport, 21.3 miles (34.3 km) north-east.

Community and culture

Lacking a true "town centre," the Garrison gained its first large supermarket, a Tesco store, in 2000; along with a retail park known as "Richmondshire Walk", which also includes a McDonalds and a Poundstretcher, among others. "Catterick Leisure Centre" is a purpose built complex opposite the retail park, opened in July 2009, it offers a broad spectrum of leisure and fitness facilities including a swimming pool, and a gym, as well as an adjoining public library.[6][7] Catterick Garrison was once home to one Yorkshire's largest cinemas, the "Ritz Cinema" was opened on 21 December 1940 and had over 1000 seats, it was closed on 2 July 1977 after declining usage, today, the site is used as a health and beauty salon.[8] Duchess of Kent Hospital is the local military hospital and medical centre that was opened on 6 October 1976. It was a replacement to the old hospital that was in existence before the Second World War. Foxglove Covert, a local nature reserve was the first of its kind in North Yorkshire and the first to be located on Ministry of Defence (MoD) land in the UK. It covers 100 acres of moorland edge, and was opened in 1992, in 2001 it was declared a "Site of Local Nature Conservation Importance (SLNCI)".[9] In 2013 a £25 million development scheme for a new "town centre" was unveiled, to be built on a former sports ground, owned by the MoD. The plan includes space for retail outlets, a cinema, a 60 bedroom hotel and several dining establishments and bars, it is expected to create up to 700 jobs.[10]


Primary education is provided by Carnagill Community Primary School, built in 1966,[11] Wavell School[12] and Le Cateau Community Primary School.[13] It should be noted that there are other nearby schools, not within the garrison area itself such as Colburn Community Primary School and Hipswell Church of England Primary School that are also used by residents.[14] Pupils then receive secondary education at Risedale Sports and Community College.[15] Alternatively, children may also attend school at Richmond School and Sixth Form College. Darlington College also has a campus at Catterick Garrison.[16]


The two major churches are dedicated to St. Joan of Arc and St. Aidan.[17]

Current Garrison



  1. "Ministry's £1bn plan to upgrade garrison". The Northern Echo. 30 November 2005. Retrieved 29 July 2007. 
  2. "Catterick Garrison - About Us". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  3. Catterick Garrison's Early History
  4. Camp History
  5. Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  6. Catterick Leisure Centre
  7. Catterick Library
  8. Ritz Cinema
  9. Foxglove Covert
  10. Catterick Town Centre Plans
  11. Carnagill School
  12. Wavell School
  13. Le Cateau School
  14. Schools in Catterick
  15. "Admission arrangements for the Northallerton area". Secondary school admissions. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  16. Darlington College at Catterick
  17. St. Joan of Arc, Catterick Garrison
  18. "Military Sites (Wales) (Hansard, 2 July 2002)". 
  19. "Catterick Garrison" (in en). 
  20. at 4:56pm, Tom Sables 20th October 2020. "Is Your Military Base Closing? Read The Full List Of Sites Shutting" (in en). 
  21. Army Policy & Secretariat, FOI(A) Request relating to current AECs (7 December 2020). Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  22. "4th Infantry Brigade and HQ North East" (in en-GB). 
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 23.6 23.7 "Written Question for the Ministry of Defence regarding Army basing and personnel". 22 November 2018. 
  24. Fallon, Michael (15 December 2016). "Strategic Defence and Security Review – Army: Written statement – HCWS367". Hansard. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  25. Hannah King, 4 SCOTS Return to Work in Catterick after Afghanistan Deployment 3 December 2020. Forces News. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  26. "Light Dragoons" (in en-GB). 
  27. at 10:27am, Tom Sables 27th November 2020. "Is Your Military Base Closing? Read The Full List Of Sites Shutting" (in en). 
  28. "Corps of Royal Engineers" (in en-GB). 
  29. at 3:15pm, 23rd December 2020. "Transforming A 'Super Garrison': Construction At Catterick" (in en). 
  30. at 10:28am, 9th October 2020. "COVID: 50 Soldiers Self-Isolating In Wiltshire" (in en). 
  31. British Army Newsletter | Summer 2020 | Issue 5 | In Front.
  32. "Information on the Army 2020 refine exercise". 10 March 2017. 
  33. "Yorkshire Regiment" (in en-GB). 
  34. "1st and 2nd Battalions" (in en-GB). 
  35. "9th/12th Charitable Association Website". 5 July 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  36. "Information on the Army 2020 refine exercise". 10 March 2017. 
  37. "The Royal Lancers have shown their ability to adapt to any task and operate at reach #strikeethos" (in en). 
  38. "FMAM | Forthcoming Events" (in en). 


  • Howard N. Cole The Story of Catterick Camp 1915-1972 Headquarters Catterick Garrison (1972)

External links

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