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- Pre-statehood history of California — from pre-history to September 1850, within the present day state borders of California.
- The borders encompass the historic homelands of the Indigenous peoples of California, in numerous tribal territories present for over 10,000 years.
- The region was claimed for Spain in 1542, later becoming a Spanish colony (1768—1821), a territory of independent Mexico (1821—1848), and a provisional territory of the U.S. (1848-1850).
- California became a U.S. state on September 9, 1850.
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