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Carl Værnet
Born (1893-04-28)28 April 1893
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 25 November 1965(1965-11-25) (aged 72)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Occupation Physician

Carl Peter Værnet (April 28, 1893 – November 25, 1965) was a Danish SS Sturmbannfuhrer (major) and a doctor at Buchenwald concentration camp. He experimented extensively with hormones and possible ways to try to override homosexuality by injecting synthetic hormones into men's testicles.[1] His research was under the authority of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.[2]


Værnet had trained as a physician at the University of Copenhagen and set up his first practice in the city. He took further courses in Germany, France, and the Netherlands, where he developed a special interest in hormone treatments. Although he had been a member of the Danish Nazi Party since the late 1930s, his private medical career only began to suffer after the German-occupation during World War II as he came to be considered a collaborator in his native country. In order to further his hormone research, he was introduced to SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Dr. Ernst-Robert Grawitz, chief physician of the SS and Police services, by the operatic tenor Helge Rosvaenge. He would later meet with the leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, and was given a prominent medical post with the SS in Prague in early 1944.

Between June and December 1944, Carl Værnet experimented on 17 male inmates at Buchenwald who were forced to undergo an operation with an artificial gland. Although none of the inmates died as a direct result of his research, at least two contracted infections which proved fatal. His research proved inconclusive and he quickly lost favour with his Nazi benefactors. After the war, he was arrested in Copenhagen and interrogated at Alsgades School. Although the Danish authorities wanted to press charges of his SS involvement, he feigned heart trouble and escaped. It appears he tried to sell the hormone research to DuPont in 1946. He later fled to Brazil and then to Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he died in 1965.

See also

  • Ex-Nazis


  1. David A Hackett ISBN 0-8133-1777-0 (1995). The Buchenwald report.. 
  2. Louis-Georges Tin ISBN 1-55152-229-2 (2008). Dictionary of Homophobia: A Global History of Gay and Lesbian Experience. 

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