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Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Liuwandashan
Part of Chinese Civil War
DateDecember 20, 1950 - February 1951
LocationGuangxi, China
Result Communist victory
Belligerents
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army
National Revolutionary Army
PLA
People's Liberation Army
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the ROC
Yang Fengchi 杨凤池
Da Ou 达欧
Zeng Zhongrou 曾仲荣
Flag of the PRC
?
Strength
15,000+ 8,000
Casualties and losses
15,000+ Minor

Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Liuwandashan (六万大山剿匪) was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China. The campaign was fought during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era in the region of Liuwandashan (六万大山, literally meaning Sixty-Thousand Great Mountains) in Guangxi and resulted in communist victory. This campaign is part of Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Guangxi, which in turn, was part of Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Central and Southern China.

Prelude[]

In June 1950, three regiments of the communist 45th Army and the Independent 24th Regiment of Canton Southern Front Military Sub-district jointly launched an operation against the local nationalist guerrilla in the southern end of the Liuwandashan (六万大山), succeeding in killing over 1,400 of nationalists. The remnant of the nationalist guerrilla retreated into the heart of the mountain and their number totaled more than 15,000.

Order of battle[]

Nationalist:

  • 3rd Column of the Anticommunist National Salvation Army in Southern Guangxi

Communist:

  • 460th Regiment of the Yulin Military Sub-district
  • Independent Regiment of the Yulin Military Sub-district
  • 135th Division

Battles[]

On December 20, 1950, communist forces consisted of the 460th Regiment and the Independent Regiment of the communist Yulin Military Sub-district and the 135th Division begun their eradication campaign against the nationalist guerrilla mostly consisted of bandits. The Independent Regiment of the communist Yulin Military Sub-district attacked from the north, and 460th Regiment of the communist Yulin Military Sub-district and the 403rd Regiment of the communist 135th Division attacked from south, and the 404th Regiment of the communist 135th Division advanced toward the regions of Fengshan, (凤山), Ningtan, (宁潭), Yingqiao (英桥), Minzhi, (民治), Wangke, (王科) and Liushui (六水). The rest of communist 135th Division advanced toward the heart of the mountain. After killing over 300 enemy troops, the organized nationalist resistance collapsed, and the remaining battles became part of eradication operations. By the next February, the communist victory was complete.

Conclusion[]

By February 1951, the campaign concluded with communist victory, with nationalist commanders Yang Fengchi (杨凤池), Da Ou (达欧), and Zeng Zhongrou (曾仲荣) either killed or captured, and the 15,000 strong nationalist guerrilla force in Liuwandashan (六万大山) completely annihilated. In addition, the communists also captured 14 artillery pieced, 86 machine guns, and over 16,000 firearms.

See also[]

References[]

  • Zhu, Zongzhen and Wang, Chaoguang, Liberation War History, 1st Edition, Social Scientific Literary Publishing House in Beijing, 2000, ISBN 7-80149-207-2 (set)
  • Zhang, Ping, History of the Liberation War, 1st Edition, Chinese Youth Publishing House in Beijing, 1987, ISBN 7-5006-0081-X (pbk.)
  • Jie, Lifu, Records of the Libration War: The Decisive Battle of Two Kinds of Fates, 1st Edition, Hebei People's Publishing House in Shijiazhuang, 1990, ISBN 7-202-00733-9 (set)
  • Literary and Historical Research Committee of the Anhui Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Liberation War, 1st Edition, Anhui People's Publishing House in Hefei, 1987, ISBN 7-212-00007-8
  • Li, Zuomin, Heroic Division and Iron Horse: Records of the Liberation War, 1st Edition, Chinese Communist Party History Publishing House in Beijing, 2004, ISBN 7-80199-029-3
  • Wang, Xingsheng, and Zhang, Jingshan, Chinese Liberation War, 1st Edition, People's Liberation Army Literature and Art Publishing House in Beijing, 2001, ISBN 7-5033-1351-X (set)
  • Huang, Youlan, History of the Chinese People's Liberation War, 1st Edition, Archives Publishing House in Beijing, 1992, ISBN 7-80019-338-1
  • Liu Wusheng, From Yan'an to Beijing: A Collection of Military Records and Research Publications of Important Campaigns in the Liberation War, 1st Edition, Central Literary Publishing House in Beijing, 1993, ISBN 7-5073-0074-9
  • Tang, Yilu and Bi, Jianzhong, History of Chinese People's Liberation Army in Chinese Liberation War, 1st Edition, Military Scientific Publishing House in Beijing, 1993 – 1997, ISBN 7-80021-719-1 (Volum 1), 7800219615 (Volum 2), 7800219631 (Volum 3), 7801370937 (Volum 4), and 7801370953 (Volum 5)

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