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CSS Alabama fighting USS Hatteras.

The CSS Alabama's Gulf of Mexico Expeditionary Raid commenced shortly after the Alabama left Bermuda and the Atlantic coast and cruised south toward the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea near the Gulf of Mexico. The raid lasted from about the middle of November, 1862 to the end of January, 1863.

The primary area of operation during this expeditionary raid, was the southern seaboard of the United States starting from Dominica then ranging up along Cuba and to Galveston, Texas before finally heading south again toward Jamaica.

Raid overview

The CSS Alabama worked its way down the east coast of Florida during the month of November to Martinique to rendezvous with her supply vessel, the CSS Agrippina, and ran into the USS San Jacinto, narrowly escaping the Union warship. The CSS Alabama then made her way to Texas to help defend the state from invasion from Gen. Banks Expedition, and fought the USS Hatteras, before escaping to the South Atlantic.

From this raiding area off the coast of New England, the CSS Alabama made her way into the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico to continue her unhindered wrecking of enemy commerce along the North American coastline.

Raid bounty

CSS Alabama's Gulf of Mexico Expeditionary Raid
Date Ship Name Ship Type Location Disposition of Ship
November 30, 1862 Parker Cooke Merchant Near Semana Bay, Dominican Republic Burned 30 Nov 1862
December 5, 1862 Mina ? Released on $15,000 ransom bond due to neutral English Cargo
December 7, 1862 Ariel Merchant Caribbean Sea Released on $261,000 bond 9 Dec 62
January 11, 1863 USS Hatteras U.S. Navy Near Galveston, Texas Sunk by firefight 11 Jan 63
January 27, 1863 Chastelaine Brig Near Jamaica Burned 27 Jan 1863
January 29, 1863 Golden Rule ? Near Jamaica Burned 29 Jan 1863
February 3, 1863 Palmetto ? 27d 18' N; 6d 16' W Burned 3 Feb 1863


  • Hearn, Chester G., Gray Raiders of the Sea, Louisiana State Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8071-2114-2
  • Luraghi, Raimondo, A History of the Confederate Navy, U.S. Naval Institute Press, 1996. ISBN 1-55750-527-6

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