|Buque de Acción Marítima|
BAM Rayo (P-42)
|Cost:||€488.4m for four (~US$160m each)|
|Type:||Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV)|
|Displacement:||2,500 t (full load)|
2 diesel engines|
4 groups diesel generators
2 electric motors propellers
1 Emergency generator
Located 2 cross bow thruster
|Complement:||35 crew and 35 forces|
1 cannon 76/62 mm gun|
2 25 mm Automatic Mountings
2 × 12.7 mm machine guns
|Aircraft carried:||1 × NH-90|
The BAM (Buque de Acción Marítima) ships are new modular Offshore Patrol Vessels of the Spanish Navy adapted to different purposes from a common base, manufactured by Navantia. The BAMs combine high performance with mission versatility, a high commonality with other ships operated by the Spanish navy. Acquisition and lifecycle costs are reduced.
The BAMs are a common platform for a variety of missions, used to develop whole families of types of ships that meet the diverse needs of the Navy.
Its main missions are:
- Protection and escort of other ships in low intensity/asymmetric warfare situations
- Control of maritime traffic
- Control and neutralization of terrorism and piracy
- Operations against drug trafficking and human trafficking
- Search and rescue
- Support for crisis situations and humanitarian aid
- Control of fishing laws
- Control of environmental legislation and anti-pollution.
Modular design enables the ships to be modified for purposes outside main missions such as hydrographic research, intelligence gathering, diving support and salvage operations.
Construction began on 4 October 2007 with the cutting of the first sheet and was placed on the stands the first on March 13, 2009, in the shipyard San Fernando. The budget was €352m for four units but the final cost was €488.4m.
In June 2009, the Secretary of State for Defence and Congress confirmed the construction of a second batch to replace older patrol boats of the Anaga (3), Toralla (2), Descubierta (4) and the now-retired Barceló (6) & Conejera (4) classes. In September 2010, the Ministry of Defence said a contract would be signed with Navantia for four additional vessels to be delivered by 2015, but the contract has yet to be signed. Navantia has indicated that the Batch 2 vessels will be more modular, with the potential to switch between oceanography, intelligence gathering and search-and-rescue. One will be a diving support vessel, and one will be a research vessel for hydrography and logistical support in the Antarctic.
The first four ships were assigned these names and numbers:
- BAM Meteoro (P-41)
- BAM Rayo (P-42)
- BAM Relampago (P-43)
- BAM Tornado (P-44)
This article contains content from the Spanish Wikipedia.
- Ministerio de Defensa (September 2011). "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (in Spanish). Madrid: Grupo Atenea. http://www.revistatenea.es/revistaatenea/revista/PDF/documentos/Documento_1026.pdf. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- BAM Buque de Acción Marítima - Página Oficial Armada Española
- BAM P-41 Meteoro - Página Oficial Atenea SYD
- BAM Navantia - Página Oficial Defensa.com
- Buques de Acción Marítima (BAM) - ( in English)
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