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Taon
Role Single-seat strike fighter
Manufacturer Breguet
First flight 1957
Number built 2

The Breguet 1001 Taon was a 1950s French prototype jet strike fighter aircraft built by Breguet.

Design and development

In 1953 European aircraft manufacturers were invited by NATO to submit aircraft for evaluation for the "LWSF" (Light Weight Strike Fighter) role. The Taon (en: Gadfly, but also an anagram of NATO or the French version OTAN) was designed to meet the requirement. The Taon was a small mid-wing monoplane with swept wings and tail surfaces and retractable tricycle undercarriage. The aircraft was powered by a Bristol Orpheus BOr.3 turbojet. The company was contracted to build three prototypes, the first aircraft flying on the 26 July 1957. The second aircraft incorporated improvements and had a slightly longer fuselage. Development was discontinued and only two aircraft were built.

Operational service

The Taon was evaluated without success, along with other designs which included the Aeritalia G.91, Northrop N-156, Dassault Étendard VI, Sud-Est Baroudeur and Aerfer Ariete. The NATO nations did not order a common aircraft and the French government preferred to pursue development of the Étendard.

The aircraft did set an international speed record for a 1,000 km (620 mi) closed circuit, it achieved a speed of 1,046.65 km/h (650.36 mph) at 7,620 m (25,000 ft) on 25 April 1958. On 23 July, the record was broken again with a speed of 1,075 km/h (667.98 mph).

Variants

Br 1001
Prototype powered by a Bristol Orpheus BOr.3 engine, two built.
Br 1002
Proposed missile-carrying interceptor, not built.
Br 1004
Proposed production version powered by a Bristol Orpheus BOr.12 engine, not built.

Specifications (Br 1001 Taon)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 11.68 m (38 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 14.7 m2 (158 sq ft)
  • Gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Siddeley Orpheus B.Or.3 turbojet, 21.6 kN (4,850 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 1,194 km/h (742 mph; 645 kn)

Armament

  • Guns: (proposed) four 12.7 mm (0.5 in) Colt-Browing machine-guns

See also

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References

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

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