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Brazilian Naval School
Escola Naval
Established 1792 (Portuguese Naval Academy)
1808 (installation of the Portuguese Naval Academy in Brazil)
1823 (separation between the Brazilian and Portuguese naval academies)
Type Naval academy
Location Rio de Janeiro, on the Villegagnon Island just inside the Guanabara Bay., Brazil
Website Official website

Naval Academy: Entrance (Gate of the old Villegaignon Fortress).

The Brazilian Naval School (Escola Naval in Portuguese) is an Academy of the Brazilian Navy, the Brazilian equivalent of the US Naval Academy, located in Rio de Janeiro, on Villegagnon Island just inside of Guanabara Bay. The Brazilian Naval Academy is an institution of higher education, which aims to train officers of the Brazilian Navy.


The Brazilian Naval School has its direct origins in the Portuguese Naval Academy created in Lisbon, Portugal in the 18th century.

In 1782, the Company of Midshipmen (Companhia dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created to frame and train the midshipmen (naval officer candidates) of the Portuguese Navy. The Company of Midshipmen was installed in the building of the Naval Arsenal of Lisbon.

The Royal Academy of the Midshipmen (Academia Real dos Guardas-Marinhas) was created in 1792, as a university-level naval academy, which integrated the Company of Midshipmen as its student corps.

With the invasion of Portugal by the Army of Napoleon and the transference of the Portuguese Royal Court to Colonial Brazil, the Royal Academy of the Midshipmen and its Company of Midshipmen are also transferred there and installed in Rio de Janeiro, in 1808.

One year following the independence of Brazil, in 1823, the faculty and the students of the Academy of the Midshipmen had to chose either the Brazilian or the Portuguese nationality. Those that choose the Portuguese nationality return to Portugal and the others stay in Brazil. Then, two academies come into existence: the Imperial Academy of Midshipmen (Academia Imperial dos Guardas-Marinhas) in the Empire of Brazil and the Royal Academy of Midshipmen in the Kingdom of Portugal.

The Brazilian Imperial Academy of Midshipmen become the School of Navy (Escola de Marinha), in 1858. In 1887, it become the Naval School (Escola Naval).


To celebrate its foundation, every year the Navy promotes the traditional Naval School Regatta, the largest sailing race in Latin America.



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