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Bordered Yellow Banner
Bordered Yellow Banner.svg
Flag of the Bordered Yellow Banner
Active 1615 – 1911
Country  Qing dynasty
Type cavalry, musketeers
Part of Eight Banners

The Bordered Yellow Banner was one of the Eight Banners of the Manchu Qing dynasty military. The Bordered Yellow Banner was one of three "upper" banner armies under the direct command of the emperor himself, and one of the four "left wing" banners.[1] The Plain Yellow Banner and the Bordered Yellow Banner were split from each other in 1615, when the troops of the original four banner armies (Yellow, Blue, Red, and White) were divided into eight by adding a bordered variant to each banner's design.,[2] and originally commanded personally by Nurhaci. After Nurhaci's death, his son Hong Taiji became khan, and took control of both yellow banners. Later, the Shunzhi Emperor took over the Plain White Banner after the death of his regent, Dorgon, to whom it previously belonged. From that point forward, the emperor directly controlled three "upper" banners (Plain Yellow, Bordered Yellow, and Plain White), as opposed to the other five "lower" banners.[3][4] Because of the direct control of the three upper banners, there was no appointed banner commanders as oppose to the other five. The emperor's personal guards and guards of Forbidden City were also only selected from the upper three banners.[5]

References

  1. Elliott 2001, p. 79.
  2. Elliott 2001, p. 59.
  3. Wakeman 1985, p. 158.
  4. Elliott 2001, pp. 404-405.
  5. 清史稿

Bibliography

Further reading

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