Military Wiki
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin  Iran
Service history
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer Defense Industries Organization (Iran)
MIC (Sudan)[1]
Produced 1997 - Present
Weight 13 tons
Length 6.72 m
Width 3.10 m
Height 1.66 m
Crew 3 (+8 passengers)

Armor Classified[2]
12.7 mm DShK 1938/46 heavy machine gun (1,000 rounds), 30mm cannon, 120mm mortar or a Toophan ATGM launcher
Engine V-8 diesel
330 hp (246 kW)
Power/weight 25.4 hp/tonne (18.9 kW/tonne)
Suspension torsion bar
Speed 65km/h (road)
45km/h (off-road)

Boraq or Boragh (Persian: نفربر براق‎) is an Iranian-made armoured personnel carrier. Boragh is believed to be a reverse engineered and upgraded model of the Chinese Type 86 (BMP-1). The upgrades include a reduction in weight, a higher road speed, and stronger armor. The vehicle is fully amphibious and is fitted with an NBC protection system and infra-red night vision equipment.

It was reported in early May 2002, that three additional variants are produced by the Vehicle and Equipment Group (VEIG) of the Iranian Defence Industries Organisation (DIO). These are a 120 mm mortar carrier, an ammunition resupply vehicle, and an armoured personnel carrier (APC) fitted with improved armaments.[3]


Boragh is a tracked APC. Rubber elements on the track are added to prevent damages on paved surfaces.[4] It has a crew of three (driver, commander and gunner). It can transport up to 8 infantry soldiers. Boragh's main armament consists of the DShK 1938/46 12.7 mm heavy machine gun on a rotatable mount. Some vehicles have the machine gun mount protected all around by an armoured shield. The vehicle is equipped with an NBC protection system and is capable of laying down a defensive smoke screen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet.[5]

Boragh mortar carrier



  • Boragh - Reverse engineered BMP-1 or Type 86 (WZ-501) converted into an APC. It is very similar to Chinese WZ-503 APC. It has V-8 turbocharged diesel engine which delivers 330 hp (246 kW). It also has road wheels from the US M113 APC. Combat weight was reduced to 13 tonnes. The other upgrades include a higher road speed and stronger armor. Number of passengers was increased from 8 to 12. The 12.7 mm DShK 1938/46 heavy machine gun (1,000 rounds) serves as a main weapon of the vehicle.[6]
    • Boragh APC with a shield around DShK 1938/46 heavy machine gun mount.[6]
    • Boragh converted into an IFV. The armament is mounted in a turret. The primary armament consists of the 2A42 30 mm autocannon stabilized in both planes with a double-belt feed. The secondary armament consists of the PKT 7.62 mm tank machine gun, mounted coaxially with the gun. The vehicle is also armed with a rocket launcher for fighting armoured targets.[6]
    • Boragh armed with 120 mm mortar.
    • Boragh with 1-man turret armed with the Toophan ATGM system.
    • Raad-1 (Thunder-1) - Boragh converted into a self-propelled howitzer fitted with a turret from the 2S1 Gvozdika.[6]
    • Raad-2 (Thunder-2) - Boragh converted into a self-propelled howitzer fitted with a turret that has a similar layout to the M109A1 155mm/39-cal self-propelled howitzer fitted with 155 mm HM44 howitzer manufactured by the Hadid facility of the Iranian Defence Industries Organisation. The gun looks exactly like 155mm/39-cal M185 gun from M109A1 and is fitted with a double baffle muzzle brake, fume extractor, screw breech mechanism, hydro-pneumatic recuperator and a hydraulic recoil brake.[6]
    • Cobra - Concept vehicle for the Boragh armed with 23 mm anti-aircraft gun for use as a fire support vehicle.[6]
    • Boragh converted into an ammunition resupply vehicle.

Different versions of Boragh from the top-left: APC, Anti-air, Mortar-carrier and Anti-tank


  • Khatim 1 - Sudanese designation for Boragh.[1]


  •  Iran - Around 40 in service as of 2000 and 2002 and 140 as of 2005 and 2008.[7]
  •  Kazakhstan - 40 in service as of 2000 and 2002 and around 140 as of 2005.[8]
  •  Sudan - 10 ordered in 2001 from Iran and delivered in 2003.[9] Some domestically assembled.[1]

See also



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