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Belarusian Auxiliary Police
Беларуская дапаможная паліцыя
Weißruthenische Hilfspolizei
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2004-230, Mogilew, einheimische Miliz.jpg
Active from July 1941
Country  Nazi Germany
Role Auxiliary police
Engagements Anti-partisan operations in Belarus

Belarusian Auxiliary Police (Belarusian language: Беларуская дапаможная паліцыя, Biełaruskaja dapamožnaja palicyja; German language: Weißruthenische Hilfspolizei, or Schutzmannschaften), later renamed Ordnungsdienst (OD), was established in July 1941. It was staffed by local inhabitants and had similar functions to those of the Ordnungspolizei - OrPo - German Police. The OD activities were supervised by defense police departments, local commandant's offices, and garrison commandants. The OD units consisted of one police officer for every 100 rural inhabitants and one police officer for every 300 urban inhabitants. The OD was in charge of guard duty, and included both stationary & mobile posts plus groups of orderlies. It was subordinate to the defense police leadership. Belarusian Auxiliary Police participated in various massacres of villages inside Belarus.[1] The Germans carried out the first killings by exerting force, using experienced guards and all necessary precautions (in Homel, Mozyrz, Kalinkowicze, Korma). The Belarusian police took on a secondary role in the first stage of the killings. The rest of the Jews were crushed and deprived of the will to live- women, children, and the elderly - was killed with the Nazis’ bare hands (in Dobrusz, Czeczersk, Żytkowicze). After a while, police, being locals, and a minimal convoy led these remaining Jews out of the ghetto to their place of death. Such a tactic was successful (without much exertion of force) in places where the liquidation of Jews was carried out early September, October–November 1941. In winter 1942, a different tactic of killing was used - raids (in Żłobin, Petryków, Streszin, Czeczersk). The role of the Belarusian police in killing the Jews became particularly noticeable during the second wave of destruction, starting in February–March 1942.[2]

See also

References

  1. The Nazi Occupation in Belarus
  2. Leonid Smilowicki Ph. D., Commonalities and Unique Features, 1941-42

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