Military Wiki
Bedford OY
Bedford O series truck in British Railways livery first reg January 1945 3519cc.JPG
Manufacturer Bedford Vehicles
Production 1939-?
Body and chassis
Class Military vehicle
Body style flatbed, tanker
Layout Longitudinal front engine,
rear-wheel drive (2x4)
Engine 3.5 L 72 bhp I6 petrol
Transmission 4-speed manual
Wheelbase not known
Length 6.22 m (245 inches)
Width 2.18 m (86 inches)
Height 3.09 m (122 inches)
Kerb weight 6,568 kg (14,450 lb.)

The Bedford OY is an army lorry (truck) built by Bedford Vehicles for the British Armed Forces and introduced in 1939. It was based on Bedford's O-series commercial vehicles with a modified front end and single rear tyres. It was designed for a 3 ton payload. The OYD was a general service vehicle,[1] while the OYC was a tanker version for carrying water or petrol.[1] These vehicles were widely used during, and after, World War II but were later superseded by the Bedford RL.

Parachute troops hold up an 'enemy' Bedford OYD lorry during Exercise 'Bumper', 2 October 1941

Technical data

  • Engine: Bedford 6-cylinder, type WD, 3,519 cc (214 cubic inches) displacement, liquid cooled
  • Horsepower: 72 at 3,000 rpm
  • Transmission: 4-speed
  • Transfer box: None
  • Electrical system: 12 volt
  • Brakes: Hydraulic with vacuum servo assistance
  • Tyres: 10.50 - 16
  • Fuel type: Petrol
  • Fuel capacity: 145 litres (32 gallons)
  • Range: 450 km (280 miles)
  • Maximum speed: about 65 km/h (40 mph)

Bedford OXD as seen on War & Peace show 2011, UK

Bedford OX

Bedford OXD captured by Germans in Hungary, 1944

The OX was a short-wheelbase version of the OY, designed for a 30 cwt (1.5 ton) payload. The OXD was a general service vehicle, while the OXC was designed, in association with Scammell,[2] for use with a semi-trailer.[3] There was also an armoured version, the Bedford OXA


Models of the Bedford OX and OY are available from several companies, including Milicast[4] and Skytrex.[5]


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