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Bayan-class cruiser
Russian cruiser Bayan 2.jpg
Russian armoured cruiser Admiral Makarov
Class overview
Name: Bayan Class
Builders: la Sayne, France, Admiralty Yard St Petersburg.
Operators:  Imperial Russian Navy
 Imperial Japanese Navy
Built: 1899–1911
In commission: 1902–1920
Completed: 4
Lost: 1
Retired: 3
General characteristics
Displacement: 7,750 Short ton (7,031 tonnes)
Length: 449 ft (137 m)
Beam: 57.5 ft (17.5 m)
Draught: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Propulsion: two shafts, vertical triple expansion steam engines, 26 Belleville coal-fired boilers
16,500 shp (12,300 kW)
Speed: 21 kn (39 km/h)
Range: 3,900 nautical miles (7,200 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 573
    • 2 × 8 inch naval guns
    • 8 × 6-inch (152 mm) guns
    • 20 × 75 mm guns
    • 2 × 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes

BayanHarvey armour, Belt 200 mm max, turret 150 mm, deck up to 30 mm, barbette, 170 mm, casemates 60 mm

Other ships – Krupp armour, Belt 175 mm max, turret 132 mm, deck up to 30 mm, casemates 60 mm

The Bayan-class was the fourth class of armored cruisers built for the Imperial Russian Navy. Ships of the class were in commission from 1902 to 1920.


Right elevation and deck plan as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1902

This class was a considerable advance on previous Russian armored cruisers. These ships were designed as fleet scouts rather than commerce raiders. The first pair were built in France and the second pair were built in Russia.

The design for the Bayan-class was developed by the MTK (Morskoi Tekhnicheskii Komitet, or Naval Technical Committee), consisting of representatives of the Russian shipbuilding, armaments, and engineering industries, and the contract was given to the French shipyard Compagnie des Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée à la Seine based in Toulon.

The new design was completely different from the three previous types of armored cruisers in Imperial Russian service. The Bayan had little more than half of the displacement (7,775 tons) with almost the same firepower and greater speed than her three predecessors.


  • Pallada, named after the Greek goddess Pallas Athena – built by the Admiralty Yard St Petersburg. Laid down 1905, launched 1906, commissioned 1911, served in the Baltic Fleet. Torpedoed and sunk with all hands 11 October 1914 by the German submarine U-26.




  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1922. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Halperin, Paul S. (1994). A Naval History of World War I. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-352-4. 
  • McLaughlin, Stephen (1999). "From Ruirik to Ruirik: Russia's Armoured Cruisers". In Preston, Antony. Warship 1999–2000. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-724-4. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1. 

External links

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