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Battle of the Gulf of Almería (1591)
Part of the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604)
Arrecife de las Sirenas 2 - Almería (2569433323).jpg
Photography of the Gulf of Almería by Gabriel Villena.
DateLate August, 1591
LocationGulf of Almería, Mediterranean Sea
Result Spanish victory[1][2]
Belligerents
Dutch Republic United Provinces
 Kingdom of England
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Spain Martín de Padilla
Strength
Unknown: 35 ships Unknown: 20 ships
Casualties and losses
20 Dutch ships captured[3]
3 English ships captured[3]
Light[3]



The Battle of the Gulf of Almería, also known as the Battle of Almería Bay or the Battle of Cape of Palos, was a naval Spanish victory that took place in late August, 1591, off Almería, near the Cape Palos, during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604).[1][2] The battle occurred when the Spanish fleet of the Adelantado of Castile, Don Martín de Padilla y Manrique, Count of Santa Gadea (in their return from the Republic of Venice to Spain with a valuable goods), sighted an Anglo-Dutch fleet in the waters of Almería, in the southern coast of Spain.[1][2] The Spanish fleet, led by Martín de Padilla, attacked with such fury the Anglo-Dutch fleet who managed to undo their training, achieving a great success.[3] About 20 Dutch ships and 3 English ships were captured by the Spaniards, and some ships of the rest of the Anglo-Dutch fleet were seriously damaged.[3] On the other hand, the Spanish losses were minimal.[3]

After the battle, the Spanish fleet victorious, entered the port of Almeria with the captured ships.[2]

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). Armada Española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Vol. III. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Naval. p.78
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 VV.AA. Enciclopedia General del Mar. (1957)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898) p.78

References[]

  • Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). Armada Española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Vol. III. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Naval. Madrid. (Spanish)
  • VV.AA. Enciclopedia General del Mar. Garriga. (1957).
  • Rodríguez González, Agustín Ramón. Victorias por Mar de los Españoles. Grafite Ediciones (2006). ISBN 978-84-96281-38-7 (Spanish)
  • MacCaffrey, Wallace T. (1994). Elizabeth I: War and Politics, 1588-1603. Princeton. Princeton University Press. USA. ISBN 978-0-691-03651-9

External links[]

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