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Battle of Nishapur
Part of Islamic conquest of Persia
Date652
LocationNishapur, Iran
Result Muslim-Kanarang victory
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate
Kanārangīyāns
House of Karen
Commanders and leaders
Abdullah ibn Aamir
Kanadbak
Burzin Shah
Sawar Karin
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Heavy Heavy


The Battle of Nishapur was fought in 652[1] between the Karen family and the Rashidun Caliphate along with their allies the Kanārangīyān family.

Background

In 651, Yazdegerd III was murdered by Mahuy Suri, the marzban of Marw. Tabaristan was afterwards invaded by the Muslim Arabs. Farrukhzad, the previously minister of Yazdegerd, and ruler of Tabaristan, managed to repel the Arabs with the aid of Gil Gavbara and make a treaty with them. The Arabs then invaded Khorasan, and made a treaty with the kanarang of Tus, Kanadbak. In the treaty Kanadbak agreed to pay tribute to the Arabs while still remaining in control of his territories in Tus. In order to strengthen the weakened Karen family, and to reclaim lost Karenid territory, Burzin, along with another Karenid named Sawar Karin, made resistance to the Arabs and tried to reclaim territory from the Kanārangīyān family.[2] In promise of regaining his lost territories, Kanadbak agreed to aid Abdullah in capturing Nishapur from the Karenid rebels.

Battle

Abdullah and Kanadbak started pillaging the areas of Nishapur, and fought heavily to capture the city. Sawar then tried to make peace with Abdullah, and told him that he would open the gates of Nishapur if the latter pardoned him.[3] Abdullah agreed, however, when the gates were opened, he entered the gate with his army, and started to plunder the city and killing citizens, until Kanadbak said to him: "O amir, once you have been victorious and triumphant forgiveness is a higher [virtue] than revenge and retribution." Abdullah then did as the latter said and restored the city to Kanadbak's domains.[4]

References

  1. Pourshariati (2008), pp. 469
  2. Pourshariati (2008), pp. 274
  3. Pourshariati (2008), pp. 273
  4. Pourshariati (2008), pp. 272, 275–276

Sources

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