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Battle of Montemurlo
Part of Italian War of 1536–1538
Battista franco, la battaglia di montemurlo e il ratto di Ganimede.jpg
The Battle of Montemurlo and the Rape of Ganymede, by Battista Franco Veneziano[1]
Date2 August 1537
LocationMontemurlo, Prato, Tuscany, Italy
Result Victory for the Medici family and its supporters[2]
Medici Flag of Tuscany.png
Duchy of Florence (Duke Cosimo I)
Flag of Florence.svg
Supporters of the Republic of Florence
Commanders and leaders
Coa fam ITA vitelli.jpg Alessandro Vitelli Blason it famille Strozzi.svgPiero Strozzi
Stamma salviati vetrata2.jpg Bernardo Salviati
700 infantry
100 Cavalry [3]

On 1[4] or 2[5] August 1537 (both dates are given in sources), near the Tuscan village of Montemurlo, the forces of the newly installed Duke Cosimo I of Florence defeated a hastily organized army of those who wished to overthrow the Medici and restore the Republic of Florence.[6] Following the battle, Cosimo's bloody vengeance on all those who opposed Medici rule effectively ended organized opposition to his family in Florence. The victory led to the decision of Emperor Charles V to formally recognize Cosimo as Duke of Florence on 30 September 1537.[7]


  1. Cox-Rearick, Janet (1993). Bronzino's Chapel of Eleonora in the Palazzo Vecchio. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press. pp. 303–04. ISBN 978-0-520-07480-4. 
  2. Littel, Eliakim (1880). The Living Age, Vol. 144. Boston, Massachusetts: Littel & Co. pp. 588. 
  3. Pasquale Villari, '"The Medici" (1911). Hugh Chisolm. ed. The Encyclopaedia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Volume 18 (11 ed.). New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica. pp. 36. "On the evening of the 31st of July Vitelli marched towards Prato with seven hundred picked infantry and a band of one hundred horse and on the way fell in with other Spanish foot soldiers who joined the expedition." 
  4. Young, Colonel G. F. (1930). The Medici. [Whitefish, MT]: Kessinger Publications. pp. 553. ISBN 978-1-4191-8129-0. Retrieved 7 December 2011. "1st August 1537" 
  5. Bull, translated by George (1965). The lives of the artists; a selection (Repr. ed.). Baltimore: Penguin Books. pp. 266. ISBN 978-0-14-044460-5. "2 August 1537" 
  6. Davies, Jonathan (2009). Culture and power : Tuscany and its universities 1537-1609 ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). Leiden: Brill. pp. 31. ISBN 978-90-04-17255-5. 
  7. Spini, Georgio (1980) (in Italian). Cosimo I e l'indipendenza del Principato Mediceo. Florence, Italy: Vallecchi Ed. pp. 84–91. 

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