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Battle of Lappfjärd
Part of the Finnish War
Lappfjärd 1808.jpg
Dispositions at the battle
Date29 August 1808
LocationLappfjärd, Finland
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Sweden Russian Empire Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Eberhard von Vegesack Russian Empire General Bibikov
Strength
5,400
15 guns[1]
2,150
6 guns[1]
Casualties and losses
113 killed or wounded[1] 153 killed or wounded
82 captured[1]


The Battle of Lappfjärd was fought between Swedish and Russian forces at Lappfjärd in Finland on 29 August 1808 during the Finnish War.

Background

Upon hearing the news of Koslov's attack at Nummijärvi, Russian General Bibikov (positioned at Ömossa, south of Lappfjärd), likewise decided to attack, with 2,150 men of his own, thinking his numerical superiority could easily overwhelm the Swedish troops at Lappfjärd. Unbeknownst to Bibikov, however, he would march against a Swedish force more than twice the size of his own, under Eberhard von Vegesack, who had landed at Kristinestad with 3,000 men, on 28 August, and taken command over the troops at Lappfjärd.[1]

Swedish forces

In total: 5,400 men and 15 guns[2]

Battle

The Russian army under General Bibikov counted 2,150 men with six guns, while von Vegesack's total force numbered 5,400 men with 15 guns — although far from all the Swedish troops would be engaged in the forthcoming battle. On 29 August the Russians launched a fruitless attack on the Swedes; attempts were made to force the Swedish flanks to give way, but in vain. After four hours of fighting the Swedish commander ordered a counterattack which forced the Russians to retreat; the battle had played out much like the fighting the day earlier, at Nummijärvi. The Russians retreated with a loss of 153 men killed or wounded while 82 had been captured by the Swedes; who had sustained 113 killed or wounded.[1] The main Swedish army then fought the Battles of Ruona and Salmi, on 1–2 September 1808, which severely crippled the Swedish war effort in Finland.[3]

Aftermath

Wilhelm von Schwerin at Ömossa, by Carl Staaff

At Lappfjärd the Swedish commander, von Vegesack, had greatly overestimated the Russian strength and thus failed to deliver a crushing defeat.[1] A Swedish outpost was soon established at Ömossa which consisted of one battalion from the Uppland Infantry Regiment and two guns from the Svea Artillery Regiment, led by Wilhelm von Schwerin; it was attacked by Bibikov with 1,500 men and six guns, on 6 September. The Swedes were forced back with a loss of 64 killed or wounded, but not before several Russian attacks had been repulsed (among others, made by the Cossack Life Guards Regiment). Schwerin's stubborn defense at the guns allowed the Swedes to retreat in good order.[3]

Citations and sources

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Hornborg 1955, pp. 141–142.
  2. Hornborg 1955, p. 141.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hornborg 1955, pp. 151–152.

Sources

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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