Military Wiki
Battle of Kirk Kilise
Part of First Balkan War
Date24 October 1912
LocationKırkkilise District, Edirne Province, Ottoman Empire
(now Kırklareli, Turkey)
Result Decisive Bulgarian victory
Bulgaria Bulgaria  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Bulgaria General Radko Dimitriev
Bulgaria General Ivan Fichev
Ottoman Empire Mahmud Muhtar Pasha
Ottoman Empire Abdullah Pasha
153,745 men[1] 98,326 men[1]
Casualties and losses
887 killed, 4,034 wounded and 824 missing[2] 1,500 killed and wounded,[2]
2,000-3,000 prisoners[2]
58 artillery captured,
2 airplanes captured

The Battle of Kirk Kilisse or Battle of Kirkkilise[3] or Battle of Lozengrad was part of the First Balkan War between the armies of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. It took place on 24 October 1912, when the Bulgarian army defeated an Ottoman army in Eastern Thrace.

The initial clashes were around several villages to the north of the town. The Bulgarian attacks were irresistible and the Ottoman forces were forced to retreat. On 10 October the Ottoman army threatened to split 1st and 3rd Bulgarian armies but it was quickly stopped by charge by 1st Sofian and 2nd Preslav brigades. After bloody fights along the whole town the Ottomans began to pull back and on the next morning Kırk Kilise (Lozengrad) was in Bulgarian rule.

After the victory, the French minister of war Alexandre Millerand stated that the Bulgarian Army was the best in Europe and that he would prefer 100,000 Bulgarians for allies than any other European army.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Министерство на войната (1928), p. 204
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Necdet Hayta, Togay S. Birbudak, Balkan Savaşları’nda Edirne, Genelkurmay Basımevi, Ankara, 2010, page 23.
  3. Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in detail: the Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913 , Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 978-0-275-97888-4, p. 86, 181.
  4. В. Мир, № 3684, 15. X. 1912.


  • Министерство на войната, Щаб на войската (1928). Войната между България и Турция, vol. II. Държавна печатница, София. 

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