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Revision as of 02:03, 31 December 2017

Battle of Ganja
Part of the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828
Сражение под Елисаветполем.jpeg
Painting of the battle, by Franz Roubaud
Date26 September 1826
LocationGanja (present-day Republic of Azerbaijan)
Result Russian victory
Belligerents
Russia Russian Empire Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Qajar Iran
Commanders and leaders
Ivan Paskevich Abbas Mirza
Strength
15,000[1] 30,000[1]

The Battle of Ganja took place on 26 September 1826, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828.[1]

Crown prince and commander-in-chief Abbas Mirza had launched a successful campaign in the summer of 1826, which had resulted in the recapture of many of the territories that were lost to the Russians by the virtue of the Treaty of Gulistan (1813).[1] Noticing the approach of the Iranian army, many of the locals that had recently come under formal Russian jurisdiction, quickly switched sides.[2][1] Amongst the swiftly recaptured territories by the Iranians were the important cities of Baku, Lankaran and Quba.[1][2]

Then Russian commander-in-chief in the Caucasus, Aleksey Yermolov, convinced that he had insufficient resources to battle the Iranians, ordered for the withdrawal from Ganja, which was thus retaken as well.[1][2]

Yermolov's successor, Ivan Paskevich, now with additional resources, started the counteroffensive.[1] At Ganja, in late September 1826, the Iranian and Russian armies met, and Abbas Mirza and his men were defeated.[1] As a result, the Iranian army was forced to retreat across the Aras river.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Tucker 2010, p. 1148. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTETucker2010" defined multiple times with different content
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Axworthy 2010, p. 273.

Sources

  • Axworthy, Michael (2010). A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0465019205. 
  • Tucker, Spencer C., ed (2010). "Overview of 1800-1850: Chronology". A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1851096725. 

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