|Battle of Erzinjan|
|Russian Empire||Ottoman Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Russian Caucasus Army||Third Army|
|Casualties and losses|
17,000 killed |
In February 1916, Nikolai Yudenich had taken the cities of Erzurum and Trabzon. Trabzon had provided the Russians with a port to receive reinforcements in the Caucasus. Enver Pasha ordered the Third Army, now under Vehip Pasha, to retake Trabzon. Vehip's attack failed and General Yudenich counterattacked on July 2. The Russian attack hit the Turkish communications center of Erzincan forcing Vehip's troops to retreat as well as losing many POWs. As a result the Third Army was rendered ineffective for the rest of the year.
- Eggenberger, David (1985). An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1,560 Battles from 1479 b.c. to the Present. Courier Dover Publications. p. 137. ISBN 0-486-24913-1.
- Tucker, Spencer, The Great War: 1914-18 (1998)
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