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Battle of Elmina
Part of the Dutch-Portuguese War
View of Elmina, 1668.
DateOctober 25, 1625
LocationElmina, Portuguese Gold Coast
(present-day Ghana)
Result Portuguese victory [1][2][3]
 Dutch Republic  Portugal
Commanders and leaders
Jan Dircksz Lam[4] Fernando de Sottomayor [5]
1,200 soldiers[6]
15 ships [5]
56 Portuguese[1][5]
200 African allies
Casualties and losses
All killed except 45 [5] 27 killed

The Battle of Elmina was a minor conflict of the Dutch-Portuguese War, fought off the castle of São Jorge da Mina (Elmina)[3][7] in the Portuguese Gold Coast between 1,200 Dutch soldiers of the Dutch West India Company landed by a fleet of 15 ships and the Portuguese garrison of the castle reinforced by 200 African allies put in service of the governor Sottomayor by the local caciques.[8]

The Dutch opened the battle bombarding the castle, later the Dutch began to march to the castle, but they were ambushed by the Portuguese and their African allies from hidden positions and they were almost totally massacred. Among the dead were the commander-in-chief and all his officers.[5] The Portuguese had very few casualties and took 15 flags, 15 drums and over than 1,000 muskets, pikes, pistols and dresses.

The Dutch ships fired over 2,000 cannonballs at the castle, but they eventually withdrew.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Glete, p. 174
  2. Gann, Duignan, p. 309
  3. 3.0 3.1 Dann, Seaton, p.34
  4. Postma, Enthovenp.89
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Taylor, p.108
  6. Dei-Anang, p.21
  7. Rodriguez, p.236
  8. Boxer, p.86


  • Glete, Jan Warfare at sea, 1500-1650: maritime conflicts and the transformation of Europe (2000).
  • Rodriguez, Junius P. The Historical encyclopedia of world slavery, Volume 1 (1997).
  • Boxer, C. R.Fidalgos in the Far East (1948).
  • Dei-Anang, Michael Ghana resurgent (1964).
  • Taylor, Gerard Capoeira: the Jogo de Angola from Luanda to cyberspace, Volume 1 (2005).
  • Graham Dann, A. V. Seatton Slavery, contested heritage, and Thanatourism (2001).
  • Johannes Postma, V. Enthoven Riches from Atlantic commerce: Dutch transatlantic trade and shipping, 1585-1817 (2003).
  • Lewis H. Gann, Peter Duignan Africa and the world: an introduction to the history of sub-Saharan Africa (1999).

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