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Battle of Ebenezer Church
Part of American Civil War
DateApril 1, 1865 (1865-04-01)
LocationChilton County, Alabama
Result Union victory
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
James H. Wilson Nathan Bedford Forrest
Units involved
Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi Forrest's Cavalry Corps
Militia
Strength
9,000 1,500–5,000
Casualties and losses
12 Killed, 40 Wounded Unknown killed and wounded. 300 captured, 3 artillery pieces captured

Nathan B. Forrest

James H. Wilson


The Battle of Ebenezer Church was a battle that was fought near Plantersville, Alabama between Union Army cavalry under Brigadier General and Brevet Major General of volunteers James H. Wilson and Confederate States Army cavalry under Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest on April 1, 1865 during Wilson's Raid into Alabama near the end of the American Civil War.[1][2] Forrest had at least 1,500 and as many as 5,000 troops but some were ill-trained Alabama State Troops. Wilson had at least 9,000 troopers of his original 13,480-man force available. Forrest had been unable to concentrate scattered Confederate forces to face Wilson's larger force, which was armed with 7-shot Spencer repeating carbines. After a brief but initially heavy engagement, the Alabama State Troops' line broke and Wilson's men drove the Confederates back toward the defenses of Selma, Alabama. Selma had an arsenal and industry that Wilson attacked and destroyed after his men again defeated the Confederate troopers at the Battle of Selma the following day. After the battle at Ebenezer Church, the Union troops burned the railroad depot at Plantersville and a cotton warehouse.[1][2] Confederate casualties were not reported but Wilson's force captured 300 of Forrest's men and 3 artillery pieces. Wilson's command had 12 killed and 40 wounded. Forrest received a slight saber wound, which he later said would have been fatal if the Union officer, Captain James D. Taylor, had struck him with the point rather than the blade. Forrest killed Taylor, the last of 33 men he killed during the war, with a pistol shot.[1][2]

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jones, James Pickett. Yankee Blitzkrieg: Wilson's Raid Through Alabama and Georgia. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1987. Reprinted as a Brown Thrasher Book. Originally published Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1976. ISBN 978-0-8203-0370-3. pp. 67–74.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Herbert, Keith S. Battle of Ebenezer Church in Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved July 26, 2015.

References[]

  • Jones, James Pickett. Yankee Blitzkrieg: Wilson's Raid Through Alabama and Georgia. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1987. Reprinted as a Brown Thrasher Book. Originally published Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1976. ISBN 978-0-8203-0370-3.
  • Herbert, Keith S. Battle of Ebenezer Church in Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved July 26, 2015.

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