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First Battle of Delhi
Part of Mughal-Maratha Wars
DateMarch 28, 1737
LocationDelhi, Mughal Empire
Result Maratha victory
Treaty signed between Mughals and Marathas which ceded large territory of central India along with 50 lakh rupees to Marathas.
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgMaratha Empire  Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgPeshwa Baji Rao I Flag of the Mughal Empire.pngAmir Khan Bahadur
Flag of the Mughal Empire.pngMuin-ul-Mulk

The First Battle of Delhi took place on 28 March 1737 between Maratha Empire and the Mughals. The Marathas were victorious in the battle and the Mughal king was forced to sign a treaty promising Malwa province, tributes of the region between Narmada and Chambal and 50 lakh rupees as war expenses to the Marathas.[1]


In the year 1737 the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I attacked the Mughal imperial capital at Delhi and defeated a well trained Mughal Army led by Amir Khan Bahadur. To get rid of Marathas, the Mughal emperor asked Nizam for help. The Nizam left Deccan to rescue Mughals from the invasion of Marathas, but was defeated decisively in the Battle of Bhopal.[1] The Marathas extracted large tributaries from Mughals and signed a treaty which ceded Malwa to the Peshwa.[1]

This Maratha conquest of Delhi weakened the Mughal Empire, which got further weakened after successive invasions of Nadir Shah (1739) and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1750s) leading to end of Mughal Empire by year 1757 in which Marathas became the de facto rulers of Delhi.[2]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 An Advanced History of Modern India
  2. Robinson, Howard; James Thomson Shotwell (1922). "Mogul Empire and the Marathas". The Development of the British Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 106-132.

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