In late August 1676, a large Ottoman-Tatar army of some 50,000 entered southern Polish province of Pokucie. The invaders were faced by Jan III Sobieski, who had 20,000 soldiers. On September 24, 1676, Polish mounted units clashed with Tatars near Wojnilow and Dolha, and withdrew to the fortified camp in Zurawno. The Polish camp was protected from two sides by the Dniestr river, while in its front was the Krechowka river. Tatar forces under Selim I Giray concentrated around it by September 26, while Ottoman units under Ibrahim Seytan arrived there on September 28–29. The Turks were hoping that King Sobieski would lead his troops out of the camp, to fight a battle in the open field, but the Poles decided to stay in Zurawno. As a result, a prolonged siege began, initiated by a barrage of the Turkish artillery, which continued until October 5, 1676. Since Polish losses were high, Sobieski ordered to abandon the first line of defence, along the old redoubt, and occupy the new line, closer to the center of the camp. Siege of Zurawno continued until October 14. Since Turkish losses also were high, and the Poles continued to fight, Ibrahim Seytan decided to initiate negotiations. On October 14, a truce was signed, and three days later, the Treaty of Zurawno was signed, ending the second phase of the Polish–Ottoman War (1672–76).
In 1876, on the 200th anniversary of the battle, Polish population of Zurawno founded a commemorative monument. The monument still exists, but currently is in a very bad condition.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|