|Sir Aylmer Haldane|
General Sir Aylmer Haldane
|Born||November 17, 1862|
|Died||April 19, 1950(aged 87)|
|Years of service||1882–1925|
10th Infantry Brigade|
6th Army Corps
Second Boer War|
World War I
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George|
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Born to physician Daniel Rutherford Haldane and his wife Charlotte Elizabeth née Lowthorpe, James Aylmer Lowthorpe Haldane came from a family of distinguished Scottish aristocrats based in Gleneagles.
Between 1894 and 1895, Haldane was part of the Waziristan Field Force and participated in the Chitral Expedition. Promoted to Captain on 13 Aug 1896, he was soon dispatched to quell the Afridis rebellion in the Tirah campaign for the next two years (1897–1898). He became aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief East Indies in 1898 and then fought in the Second Boer War. While imprisoned in Pretoria during the Boer War, he planned the escape which made Winston Churchill famous. Haldane failed to escape at the same time and later complained of Churchill's lack of regard for those who should have escaped with him. However, Haldane later managed his own escape.
Awarded the DSO on 20 May 1898, he was promoted to Major in 1902 and to brevet Lieutenant-Colonel on 24 July of that year. He became military attaché with the Japanese Army in 1904. Promoted to brevet Colonel, he was appointed a CB on 16 March 1906, receiving confirmation as a substantive Colonel in November. On 1 October 1909, Haldane was promoted to temporary Brigadier-General and in 1910 become Commander of 10th Infantry Brigade.
After the War he was appointed General Officer Commanding Mesopotamia 1920 remaining in that post until 1922; he retired in 1925.
Later life and death
Honours and decorations
- Order of the Sacred Treasure, Japan, 1905.
Haldane's published writings encompass 6 works in 8 publications in 1 language and 311 library holdings.
- Haldane, James A. L. (1900) How we escaped from Pretoria. Edinburgh : William Blackwood & Sons.
- Haldane, James A. L. (1920) A brigade of the old army, 1914, relating to operations of 10 Infantry Bde, France, Aug–Nov 1914. London : Edward Arnold.
- Haldane, Lieutenant General Sir Aylmer (1922) The Insurrection in Mesopotamia. London: William Blackwood & Sons.
- Haldane, James A. L. (1929) The Haldanes of Gleneagles. Edinburgh : William Blackwood & Sons.
- Haldane, James A. L. (1948) A soldier's story: the autobiography of General Sir Aylmer Haldane. Edinburgh : William Blackwood & Sons.
- LIDDELL HART CENTRE FOR MILITARY ARCHIVES
- The papers of Lt Gen Sir Lawrence Worthington Parsons include letter from Haldane relating to 16 Irish Div 1916; the papers of Brig Sir James Edward Edmonds include 12 letters from Haldane 1905–1935 (ref: Edmonds)
- BRITISH LIBRARY, ORIENTAL AND INDIA OFFICE COLLECTIONS, LONDON
- Copy of Haldane's official report, Battle of the Sha-Ho, Second Japanese Army, operations from the 5 September to the 19 October 1904 (ref: 9057.de.2)
- CHURCHILL ARCHIVES CENTRE, CHURCHILL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY
- The papers of Maj Gen Sir Edward Louis Spears include correspondence 1934–1938 (ref: SPRS 1/156)
- IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON
- Diary as 10 Bde Commander, Shorncliffe 1912–1914; The papers of FM Sir Henry Hughes Wilson include correspondence with Haldane 1920–1921 (ref: HHW)
- NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SCOTLAND, EDINBURGH
- Collection of papers 1890–1950 (ref: MSS 20247-59); including letters and diaries; papers relating to his World War I service; papers relating to Mesopotamia 1920–1922
- Andy Simpson, ‘Haldane, Sir (James) Aylmer Lowthorpe (1862–1950)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oxford University Press, Oct 2008; online edn, May 2009 accessed 3 May 2010
- "Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives". Kcl.ac.uk. 19 October 1904. http://www.kcl.ac.uk/lhcma/locreg/HALDANE.shtml.
- "No. 26968". 20 May 1898. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/26968/page/
- "No. 27472". 9 September 1902. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27472/page/
- "No. 27895". 16 March 1906. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27895/page/
- "No. 27964". 6 November 1906. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27964/page/
- "No. 28295". 8 October 1909. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28295/page/
- WorldCat Identities: Haldane, James Aylmer Lowthorpe Sir 1862–1950
- Haldane, Aylmer. (1948). A Soldier's Saga: the Autobiography of General Sir Alymer Haldane. Edinburgh: W. Blackwood. OCLC 223159515
- Haldane, Aylmer. The Insurrection in Mesopotamia 1920. London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1922.
|General Officer Commanding the 3rd Division
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