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Library Hall at the AMML; Dr John Shaw Billings (1838–1913) sits at a table on the right; Photo ca. 1890.

The Army Medical Museum and Library (AMML) of the U.S. Army was a large brick building constructed in 1887 at South B Street (now Independence Avenue) and 7th Street, SW, Washington, D.C., USA, which is directly on the National Mall. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966, but, notwithstanding, was demolished in 1969.


The AMML was designed by Adolf Cluss to house the Army Medical Museum, the Library of the Surgeon General's Office, and some of the Army's medical records.[1] Between 1893 and 1910, it also housed the Army Medical School.

The AMML remained on the Mall until the 1960s, when the Museum and Library were moved to their present separate locations. The old building (known affectionately as "Old Red" or "The Old Pickle Factory") was razed and replaced by the Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in 1969.

Successor institutions

See also


  1. Rhode, Michael G. (2006). "The Rise and Fall of the Army Medical Museum and Library". pp. 78–97. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°53′18″N 77°01′22″W / 38.888256°N 77.022829°W / 38.888256; -77.022829

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