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Armide-class submarine
French submarine Armide.jpg
Armide, date unknown
Class overview
Name: Armide class
Operators:
Preceded by: Gustave Zédé class
Succeeded by: Amphitrite class
Built: 1912 – 1918
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Retired: 3
General characteristics
Type: Submarine
Displacement:
  • 457 tonnes (450 long tons) (surfaced)
  • 670 tonnes (659 long tons) (submerged)
Length: 56.2 m (184 ft 5 in)
Beam: 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
Draught: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × diesel engines, 2,200 hp (1,600 kW)
  • 2 × electric motors, 900 hp (670 kW)
Speed:
  • 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h) (surfaced)
  • 11 knots (20 km/h) (submerged)
  • Range:
  • 2,600 nautical miles (4,800 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h)
  • 160 nautical miles (300 km) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h) (submerged)
  • Complement: 47
    Armament:
    • 4 - 6 × 450 mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes
    • 2 × 75 mm (3.0 in) guns

    The Armide-class submarines were a class of three diesel-electric attack submarines built for the Greek and Japanese Navies before and during World War I. They were built in the Schneider-Creusot shipyards 1913 to 1918, but were seized during the war by the French government before they could be sold. The Armide class ships operated in the Mediterranean during the course of World War I and were stricken from the Navy list between 1928 and 1935.

    Design

    56.2 m (184 ft 5 in) long, with a beam of 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in) and a draught of 3 m (9 ft 10 in),[1][2] The submarines had a surfaced displacement of 457 tonnes (450 long tons) and a submerged displacement of 670 tonnes (659 long tons).[1][2] Propulsion while surfaced was provided by two 2,200 hp (1,641 kW) diesel motors built by the Swiss manufacturer Schneider-Carels and two 900 hp (671 kW) electric motors.[2][3] The submarines' electrical propulsion allowed it to attain speeds of 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) while submerged and 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph) on the surface.[3] Their surfaced range was 2,600 nautical miles (4,800 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h), with a submerged range of 160 nautical miles (300 km) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h).[1][3]

    The ships were armed with 4 to 6 (depending of the ship) 450 mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes and a 75 mm (3.0 in) deck gun [2] The crew of one ship consisted of 31 officers and seamen.[1][3]

    Ships

    Two Joessel-class submarines were built in the Schneider-Creusot shipyards, France.[3] The ships were laid down in 1913,[1] launched between 1917 and 1919,[2][3] and completed in 1920.[1]

    Joessel-class submarines
    Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
    Armide 1912 July 1915 June 1916 Stricken in July 1932.[3]
    Antigone 1912 October 1916 January 1917 Stricken in May 1936.[3]
    Amazone 1913 August 1916 June 1917 Stricken in August 1935.[3]

    References

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Couhat, p. 160
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Conway, p. 212
    3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Fontenoy, p. 86

    Citations

    • Jean Labayle Couhat (1974). French warships of World War I. London. 
    • Robert Gardiner; Randal Gray (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-245-5. 
    • Paul E. Fontenoy (2007). Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO Publishing. 
    • John Moore (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London. 
    • Perepeczko, Andrzej (2014). Od Napoleona do de Gaulle’a. Flota francuska w latach 1789–1942. Oświęcim. ISBN 978-83-7889-372-1. 
    • Lipiński, Jerzy (1999). Druga wojna światowa na morzu. Warsaw. ISBN 83-902554-7-2. 
    • J. Gozdawa-Gołębiowski; T. Wywerka Prekurat (1994). Pierwsza wojna światowa na morzu. Warszawa. 



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