The Anglo-Portuguese Army was the combined British and Portuguese army that participated in the Peninsular War, under the command of Arthur Wellesley. The Army is also referred to as the British-Portuguese Army and, in Portuguese, as the Exército Anglo-Luso or the Exército Anglo-Português.
The Anglo-Portuguese Army was established with the British Army deployed to the Iberian Peninsula under the command of General Arthur Wellesley, and the Portuguese Army rebuilt under the leadership of British General William Beresford and the Portuguese War Secretary Miguel Pereira Forjaz.
Besides already becoming Commander-in-Chief of the British Army, on 22 April 1809, Wellesley was appointed, by the Portuguese Government, to Commander-in-Chief of the Portuguese Army. He then came to have the two armies under his command, transforming them into a single integrated army.
The Army was organised into divisions, most of them including mixed British-Portuguese units. Usually, each one had two British and one Portuguese brigades. In the elite Light Division, the brigades themselves were mixed, each including two British light infantry and one Portuguese Caçadores battalions.
Order of battle
- Commander-in-Chief: Field Marshal Wellesley
- 1st Division - Lieutenant-General Hope
- 2nd Division - Major-General Hill (to 1811) and Major-General Stewart (from 1811)
- 3rd Division - Lieutenant-General Picton
- 4th Division - Major-General Charles Colville (to April 1812) and Major-General Cole (from June 1812)
- 5th Division - Major-General Leith
- 6th Division - Lieutenant-General Clinton
- 7th Division - Major-General Hope
- Portuguese Division - Major-General Lecor
- Light Division - Major-General Craufurd
- Army Cavalry
- Portuguese independent brigades
- Portuguese militias
- Portuguese ordenanças
- The Portuguese Army of the Napoleonic Wars, By Rene Chartrand, Bill Younghusband, pg16
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