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Andrew Jacobs Jr.
Member of the United States House of Representatives
In office
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1973
Preceded by Donald C. Bruce
Succeeded by William H. Hudnut III

In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1997
Preceded by William H. Hudnut III
Succeeded by Julia Carson
Member of the Indiana House of Representatives

In office
1959–1960
Personal details
Born (1932-02-24)February 24, 1932
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Died December 28, 2013(2013-12-28) (aged 81)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) 1. Kay Welsh
2. Martha Keys
3. Kimberly Hood Jacobs
Children Andy and Steven[1]
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1950–1952
Battles/wars Korean War

Andrew Jacobs Jr. (February 24, 1932 – December 28, 2013) was a lawyer and an Indiana state legislator and Congressman, who served in the United States House of Representatives for thirty years, beginning in the 1960s. His father, Andrew Jacobs, was also a congressman for one term.

Early life

Jacobs was born in Indianapolis, and graduated from Shortridge High School in 1949. He served as an infantryman in the United States Marine Corps in the Korean War, and was a disabled combat veteran. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in Business from Indiana University in 1955, and a LL.B. from Indiana University in 1958. Upon graduation he began a law practice and served in the Indiana House of Representatives from 1959–1960.[2][3]

Political career

Jacobs served as a member of the Indiana House of Representatives from 1959 to 1960. In 1964 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat in the overwhelming Democratic landslide of 1964. He was appointed to the House Judiciary Committee, on which he coauthored the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Jacobs was an active participant in the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 60s.

Jacobs was an early opponent of the Vietnam War, and led an all-night debate against American military involvement in Vietnam during the war, the first critical discussion of the Vietnam War in the House of Representatives. In his criticism of the Vietnam War, Andy Jacobs reportedly coined the term "War wimp" to a describe a politician who advocated war but who had avoided military service earlier in life.[4]

In the 1972 Republican landslide, future Indianapolis Mayor Bill Hudnut defeated Jacobs. In 1974, however, Jacobs defeated Hudnut and reclaimed his seat in the House. Following the election he was appointed to the House Ways and Means Committee, on which he served until his retirement from Congress in 1997. He eventually served as the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Social Security.

In 1985, Jacobs introduced a proposal to adopt "America the Beautiful" as the U.S. national anthem in place of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[5]

Jacobs was involved in major Social Security reforms in the 1980s, which included making Social Security an independent government organization. He wrote legislation requiring physical bonds to exist representing the money Social Security had collected. He retired from Congress in 1997, with a reputation for bipartisan effort, compromise, and humor. He endorsed Julia Carson as his replacement. She served until her death in 2007, after which her grandson, André Carson, made a successful bid for her seat.[6][7]

Retirement and death

Following his retirement from Congress, Jacobs taught political science at Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis. He wrote and published two memoirs criticizing American militarism. He also was a regular contributor to NUVO Magazine in Indianapolis.[2] He was a strong opponent of American military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s.

Jacobs died on December 28, 2013 at his home in Indianapolis, aged 81.[8] He was survived by his third wife, television reporter Kim Jacobs, and two sons.[9][10]

References

  1. "Former longtime Indiana Congressman Andrew Jacobs Jr. dies at 81". Associated Press. NBC News. December 28, 2013. http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/12/29/22093754-former-longtime-indiana-congressman-andrew-jacobs-jr-dies-at-81?lite. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Former Indiana Congressman Andy Jacobs Jr. dies at 81". WCPO Cincinnati. December 28, 2013. Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140106040724/http://www.wcpo.com/news/state/state-indiana/former-indiana-congressman-andy-jacobs-jr-dies-at-81. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  3. McCarthy, Colman (December 30, 2013). "Andrew Jacobs Jr., 81, Indiana congressman and ‘parsimonious progressive’". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/andrew-jacobs-jr-81-indiana-congressman-and-parsimonious-progressive/2013/12/30/7ddfb562-717a-11e3-8def-a33011492df2_story.html. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  4. "Former Indiana Congressman Andrew Jacobs, 81, dies". Indianapolis Star. http://www.indystar.com/story/news/politics/2013/12/28/former-indiana-congressman-andrew-jacobs-81-dies/4234677/. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  5. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-12-06/news/8503240444_1_national-anthem-star-spangled-banner-1960s-jacobs
  6. Karim, Talib I.. "Second Muslim Takes His Seat in the House of Representatives". The Muslim Link. http://www.muslimlinkpaper.com/myjumla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1368%3ASecond+Muslim+Takes+His+Seat+in+the+House+of+Representatives&Itemid=17. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  7. Guttman, Nathan (March 16, 2011). "The ‘Other Muslim’ in Congress". The Jewish Daily Forward. http://forward.com/articles/136248/the-other-muslim-in-congress/. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  8. "Former Congressman Andrew Jacobs Jr. dead at age 81". Chicago Tribune. December 28, 2013. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-former-indiana-congressman-andrew-jacobs-jr-dies-20131228,0,5035709.story. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  9. "Andrew Jacobs Jr., 81, Ex-Congressman, Dies". Reuters. New York Times. December 28, 2013. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/29/us/politics/andrew-jacobs-jr-81-ex-congressman-dies.html?_r=0. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  10. Dobuzinskis, Alex and Peter Cooney (December 28, 2013). "Andrew Jacobs Jr. Dead: Former Indiana Congressman Dies At 81". Reuters. Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/28/andrew-jacobs-jr-dies-at-81_n_4513640.html. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Donald C. Bruce
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

1965–1973
Succeeded by
William H. Hudnut III
Preceded by
William H. Hudnut III
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

1975–1983
Succeeded by
district eliminated in reapportionment following 1980 Census
Preceded by
Phil Sharp
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 10th congressional district

1983–1997
Succeeded by
Julia Carson

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