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Anatoly Semyonovich Levchenko
File:Anatoly Semyonovich Levchenko.jpg
Born 5 May 1941
Died 6 August 1988(1988-08-06) (aged 47)
Place of birth Krasnokutsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Place of death Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Rank Captain, Soviet Air Force
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union

Anatoly Semyonovich Levchenko (Russian: Анатолий Семёнович Левченко; May 5, 1941 – August 6, 1988) was a Soviet cosmonaut.

Levchenko was planned to be the back-up commander of the first space shuttle flight, and in March 1987 he began extensive training for a Soyuz spaceflight, intended to give him some experience in space.[1] In December 1987, he occupied the third seat aboard the spacecraft Soyuz TM-4 to the space station Mir, and returned to Earth about a week later on Soyuz TM-3. His mission is sometimes called Mir LII-1, after the Gromov Flight Research Institute shorthand.[2] In the year following his spaceflight, Levchenko died of a brain tumor, in the Nikolay Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute in Moscow.[3]

Selected as a cosmonaut on July 12, 1980.[4] He was married with one child.[4]


He was awarded the titles of Hero of the Soviet Union and Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR and the Order of Lenin.

See also[]

  • List of notable brain tumor patients


  1. Hendrickx, Bart; Bert Vis (2007-10-04). Energiya-Buran : The Soviet Space Shuttle. Praxis. pp. 526. ISBN 0-387-69848-5. 
  2. "Mir LII-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  3. "Levchenko". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Cosmonaut Biography: Anatoli Levchenko". Archived from the original on 21 December 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 

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