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Anastasian Wall Battle
Part of Byzantine-Kutrigrs war 558-559
Date559
LocationEast of the Anastasian Wall 40 km west of Constantinople
Result Kutrigurs victory
Belligerents
Byzantine Empire Kutrigurs bulgarian[1] army
Commanders and leaders
Sergius Zabergan
Strength
Unknown 7 000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
All sended troops killed[2] Unknown


Zabergan Kutrigur-bulgars Byzantine war 558 - 559 map

Kutrigur-bulgars Zabergan Byzantine war dec. 558 - aug. 559, Campaign operations of the 3 armies wings : The Constantinople direction corps. The Galipoli and Asia Minor direction corps, The Aegean direction corps.[3]

The Anastasian Wall Battle or Battle at the Anastasian Wall, which took place at the end of winter - begingin of the spring in 559, was a crucial combat between Byzantine army commanded by Dux Sergius [1] and target to Constantinople detachment of the Kutrigurs bulgarian[1] armies commanded by Zabergan in the Kutrigurs large champagne against the Empire in 558-559 AD .[2][4] The battle happen at the east side of the Anastasian Wall about 40 km of Constantinople after Kutrigurs pass the Wall in their raid to the Empire capital.

Background[]

During the winter of 558, a Kutrigur armies crossed the frozen Danube, invaded Moesia and Thrace and divided on 3 wings attack Constantinople direction, Thracian Chersonesus (Galipoli) and to Thermopylae in Greece. Led by Zabergam divide for Constantinople direction detachment of 7000 cavalry,[5] crosses the Anastasian wall at the end of winter - begingin of the spring in 559.[6]

The Battle[]

After the Kutrigurs cavalry pass the Anastasian Wall Emperor Justinian I the Great send against them The Imperial guard army troops and mobilized citizens.[7] Zabergan cavalry meet the Justinian forces at the east side of the Anastasian Wall and totally defeat [7] the Bizantine army send against them, even captured and deprived of life the commander of the byzantine forces patrcius Sergius [1]

Aftermath[]

After this victory Zabergan forces in the beginning of the spring of 559 take the Constantinople suburb settlements Drypia[8], Nymphs (Nymphas)[9] and Hitos (Chitus) [10] standing about 15 km to the gate of St. Roman and reach Sykai (Galata),[1][11] encircle and approach immediately to the gates of capital of the Empire. Zabergan settle his fortified camp at Melantias,, sated at 20 km of Constantinople, seize all the area to the Walls of Constantinople and push the survived roman population to escape panicky behind the walls of the capital [6][7] threatening Constantinople itself. After the Battle of Melantias win by byzantians Zabergan forces march from Melantias go even more closer to Constantinople and take Dekaton (Decatum) [12][13] - only 10 km from the Golden gate.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "LIBI, t. I (1958) (1_370.png)". http://macedonia.kroraina.com/libi/1/gal/1_370.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Theophanis Confessoris. Chronographia, FONTES GRAECI HISTORIAE BULGARICAE, Vol. III, p.39-41
  3. According to: Victor Tonnennensis - Chronica, Theophanis Confessoris - Chronographia, Agathias Scholasticus - Historiarum libri, Procopius Caesariensis - Libri de bellis, Ioannis Malalae - Chronographia.
  4. James C. Bradford, International Encyclopedia of Military History
  5. Golden, Peter B (2011). "Studies on the Peoples and Cultures of the Eurasian Steppes" (in en). pp. 107. https://www.academia.edu/9609971/Studies_on_the_Peoples_and_Cultures_of_the_Eurasian_Steppes. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Agathiae. Historiarum libri V , ГИБИ II, 185-202
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "GIBI, t. III (1960) (3_239.jpg)". http://macedonia.kroraina.com/gibi/3/gal/3_239.html. 
  8. Drypia - today Ataköy in Bakırköy, Ancient Drypia pointed south-west of the city on the sea-shore along the Via Egnatia 9 miles out of the Town (Janin 1969: 252) between 7 miles Hepdomon (Bakırköy) and 10 miles Dekaton (Florya to former San Stefano today Yeşilköy).
  9. "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Kocasinan, Turkey". http://www.fallingrain.com/world/TU/34/Kocasinan.html. 
  10. Htos (Свод древнейших письменных известий о славянах. Том I. Стр. 275) previous Hitos (Chitus, Hittos, Chettus, Chiton) - later Aipah today Güneşli Mahallesi, Bağcılar
  11. "Свод древнейших письменных известий о славянах. Том I. (I - VI вв.) (1991)". https://www.scribd.com/doc/213656594/%D0%A1-%D0%B2-%D0%BE-%D0%B4-%D0%B4-%D1%80-%D0%B5-%D0%B2-%D0%BD-%D0%B5-%D0%B9-%D1%88-%D0%B8-%D1%85-%D0%BF-%D0%B8-%D1%81-%D1%8C-%D0%BC-%D0%B5-%D0%BD-%D0%BD-%D1%8B-%D1%85-%D0%B8-%D0%B7-%D0%B2-%D0%B5-%D1%81-%D1%82-%D0%B8-%25. 
  12. Ioannis Malalae. Chronographia ГИБИ II 218
  13. "GIBI, t. III (1960) (3_261.jpg)". http://macedonia.kroraina.com/gibi/3/gal/3_261.html. 

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