Military Wiki
Alma Massacre
Location Alma, New Mexico
Date April 28, 1880
Attack type
Mass murder
Deaths 41
Perpetrator Apache warriors

The Alma Massacre involved a raid on United States settlers' homes around Alma, New Mexico on April 28, 1880. At least 41 people were killed during or immediately after the raid.


During the event Chiricahua Apache tribal members were led by Victorio. They attacked a silver mine near the town of Cooney in the Mogollon Mountains. At the town they killed three, and then caught up to a fleeing party of three that included Sergeant Cooney. The Apaches then killed 35 sheepherders in the nearby area. Victorio and his men left the area when U.S. Army troops from Fort Bayard arrived.[1]


There were two memorials erected to commemorate these events. Sergeant Cooney's brother and others dynamited out a rock tomb where they buried Sergeant Cooney,[1] and a hundred years later in April 1980, Dave Foreman and others of Earth First! erected a monument in the Gila Wilderness to honor Victorio's defense of the mountains, crediting the memorial to the non-existent New Mexico Patriotic Heritage Society.[2]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 (nd) "The Alma Massacre, Alma, New Mexico" from the WPA Writers Project, archived 7 October 2008 by Internet Archive
  2. Wall, D. (1999) Earth First! and the anti-roads movement: Radical environmental movements and comparative social movements. Routledge, London, pages 43-44, ISBN 978-0-415-19063-3, citing Manes, Christopher (1990) Green Rage: Radical Environmentalism and the Unmaking of Civilization Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Massachusetts, page 73, ISBN 0-316-54513-9

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