Military Wiki
Alfred B. Hilton
Born 1842
Died October 21, 1864 (aged 21–22)
Place of birth Harford County, Maryland
Place of burial Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1863 - 1864
Rank Sergeant
Unit 4th Regiment United States Colored Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Battle of Chaffin's Farm
Awards Medal of Honor

Alfred B. Hilton (1842 – October 21, 1864) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.


By September 29, 1864, Hilton was serving as a Sergeant in Company H of the 4th Regiment United States Colored Infantry. On that day, his unit participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm on the outskirts of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. During the battle, Hilton carried the American flag as part of the unit's color guard. As the 4th Regiment charged the enemy fortifications, Hilton grabbed a second flag, the regimental colors, from a wounded soldier. When he was himself seriously wounded by a shot through the leg, he called out "Boys, save the colors!" Two of his fellow soldiers stepped forward; Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood took the American flag and Private Charles Veale grabbed the blue regimental flag, each before the colors could touch the ground.[1]

Hilton died of his wounds nearly a month later, on October 21. Six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865, he was posthumously issued the Medal of Honor for his actions at Chaffin's Farm. The men who had taken the flags after he was wounded, Fleetwood and Veale, also received the medal.

Hilton is buried in Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Virginia.

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date. At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: Harford County, Md. Date of issue: April 6, 1865. Citation:

When the regimental color bearer fell, this soldier seized the color and carried it forward, together with the national standard, until disabled at the enemy's inner line.

See also


  1. Beyer, W. F. and O.F. Keydel (eds.) (2000). Deeds of valor: How America's Civil War heroes won the Congressional Medal of Honor. New York, NY: SMITHMARK Publishers. pp. 434. ISBN 0-7651-1769-X. 


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