Military Wiki
Aleksander Einseln
Born 25 October 1931(1931-10-25) (age 91)
Allegiance United States (to 1991)
Service/branch United States Army
Estonian Defence Forces
Years of service 1950–1985, 1993-1995
Rank Kindral
Commands held Commander-in-Chief
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War (1965–1966)
Awards 2nd class Order of the Cross of the Eagle

Aleksander Einseln (born 25 October 1931 in Tallinn) is a former commander of the Estonian Defence Forces. He held that position from 4 May 1993 to 4 December 1995.


Born in Estonia, Einseln fled that country with his mother in 1944 as Soviet troops retook the Baltic states from Nazi Germany. He immigrated to the United States in 1949 and became a U.S. citizen. He enlisted in the Army and served in the Korean and Vietnam Wars and was a one-time staff officer with the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff and NATO in Brussels, retiring with the rank of colonel.[1][2]

In 1993, at the request of Estonian President Lennart Meri, Einseln returned to Estonia to take command of its military forces, over the objections of the U.S. State Department.[3] The U.S. threatened to terminate Einseln's military pension and even to revoke his U.S. citizenship. However, after getting support from several U.S. senators, Einseln received official permission from the U.S. authorities to take on his new post.[2]

On 4 December 1995, he was forced to resign due to a disagreement with the defense minister.[4]

In February 1996, he was awarded the Order of the Cross of the Eagle.[5]


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