Military Wiki
Alabama National Guard
Active 1807 - Present
Country United States
Allegiance State (32 U.S.C.)
Federal (10 U.S.C.)
Branch United States Army and United States Air Force
Role State Militia/Reserve force
Part of National Guard Bureau
Alabama Military Department
Garrison/HQ JFHQ-AL, Montgomery, Alabama
Motto(s) "Always Ready, Always There"
Commander-in-Chief Governor Robert Bentley
Ceremonial chief MG Perry Smith

The Alabama National Guard is the National Guard of the U.S State of Alabama, and consists of the Alabama Army National Guard and the Alabama Air National Guard. (The Alabama State Defense Force is the third military unit of the Alabama Military Department, part of the Government of Alabama.) The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. The state functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control.

The National Guard may be called into federal service by the President under either Title 10 or Title 32 status. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."[1]

The Governor may call individuals or units of the Alabama National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

As authorized under the Constitution, Congress has the power to regulate National Guard units; hence they are trained and equipped as a part of the United States Army and United States Air Force, even when under state command. The same respective ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. All Alabama National Guard soldiers are also eligible for a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the State of Alabama.

Alabama also maintains its own Alabama State Defense Force. This force is separate from the National Guard and reports to the Governor of Alabama as Commander-in-Chief. The ASDF services the state exclusively, especially when the National Guard is deployed and unavailable.[2]

The Alabama National Guard has a State Partnership Program relationship with Romania.

Army Units

  • 122nd Troop Command
    • 1103 Spt Bn DUI.png 1103rd Combat Support Sustainment Battalion
    • 161 Med Bn DUI.gif 161st Medical Battalion (Multifunctional)
  • 62nd Troop Command
    • 142 BfSB SSI.jpg 142d Battlefield Surveillance Brigade (activated in September 2009)[3][4]
    • 226MnvrEnhance.jpg 226th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
      • 31st Signal Company
      • 711 Spt Bn DUI.jpg 711th Brigade Support Battalion
      • 877 Eng Bn DUI.png 877th Engineer Battalion
        • 1151st Engineer Company (Vertical)
        • 166th Engineer Company (Vertical)
        • 168th Engineer Company (Horizontal)
        • 186th Engineer Company (Horizontal)
        • 77th Engineer Detachment (Quarry)
        • 1301st Engineer Detachment (Concrete)
        • 1305th Engineer Detachment (Survey and Design)
        • 1312th Engineer Detachment (Concrete)
        • 1152nd Engineer Detachment (Firefighter)
        • 1153rd Engineer Detachment (Firefighter)
      • 117 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 1st Battalion, 117th Field Artillery Regiment (EAB FA 155 Towed)
      • 131 Avn Rgt DUI.GIF 1st Battalion, 131st Aviation Regiment
  • 31st Chemical Brigade SSI.svg 31st CBRN Brigade
    • 145 Chem Bn DUI.jpg 145th Chemical Battalion
      • 690th Chemical Company (Recon/Decon)
      • 440th Chemical Company (Smoke/Decon)
    • 151 Chem Bn DUI.jpg 151st Chemical Battalion
      • 1343rd Chemical Company (Smoke/Decon)
      • 208th Chemical Company (Recon/Decon)
    • 231MPBnDUI.jpg 231st Military Police Battalion
      • 214th Military Police Company (Combat Support)
      • 217th Military Police Company (Combat Support)
      • 1165th Military Police Company (Combat Support)
    • 203MPBnDUI.jpg 203rd Military Police Battalion
      • 128th Military Police Company (Combat Support)
      • 152nd Military Police Company (Combat Support)
      • 1166th Military Police Company (Combat Support)

Air Units

  • 117th Intelligence Squadron

Alabama State Defense Force

The Alabama State Defense Force is a military entity authorized by the Code of Alabama. The ASDF is the state's authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the Alabama National Guard in the event the AL National Guard is mobilized. The ASDF is sometimes activated to augment the Alabama National Guard during natural disasters. This force is separate from the National Guard and is not meant to be federalized. The ASDF comprises retired active and reserve military personnel and selected professional persons who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state.

See also


External links

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