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al-Hijarah
Type Short-range ballistic missile
Place of origin Iraq[1][2][3][4]
Specifications

Payload capacity 100-300 kg[3][4] chemical warhead
Propellant Liquid-propelled[4]
Operational
range
700-900 km[3][4]
Guidance
system
Inertial

The al-Hijarah missile was an Iraqi liquid propelled inertial Short-range ballistic missile, it was also a Scud missile and considered an upgrade of the al-Hussein missile equipped with chemical warheads.[1][2] It was developed by 1990[3] and was first used in the Persian Gulf War where the al-Hijarah missile would release poison clouds and kill personnel on grounds as well as ignite oil wells.[1][2] One al-Hijarah missile was confirmed to have been fired at Israel during the Gulf War where one landed near Dimona, it was revealed that the missile had a concrete filled warhead.[1]

Characteristics

The al-Hijarah missile warhead was probably filled with chemical weapons and biological weapons possessed by Iraq at that time like anthrax, botulinum toxin, aflatoxin, sarin, cyclosarin and VX nerve agent.[2] The al-Hijarah missile being a version of the al Hussein also suffered from flight instability and improper guidance.[4] Iraq itself at that time was almost fully indigenous when it came to ballistic missile components and only lacked the ability to locally manufacture Gyroscopes.[1][2]

References


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