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Akseli Anttila
Born (1897-03-26)March 26, 1897
Died March 11, 1953(1953-03-11) (aged 55)
Place of birth Ruovesi, Grand Duchy of Finland
Place of death Moscow, Soviet Union
Allegiance Red Finland
 Soviet Union
Second Spanish Republic Spanish Republic
Finnish Democratic Republic
Years of service 1918–1945
Rank Major general

Akseli Anttila (Russian: А́ксель Моисее́вич А́нтилла, March 26, 1897 – March 11, 1953) was a Finnish-born Soviet major general of the Red Army.


Akseli Anttila was born to a family of pesants in Ruovesi. After graduating from an agricultural college, Anttila worked in the railroads. He fought for the Red Guards in the 1918 Finnish Civil War and was captured by the Whites after the Battle of Tampere in 6 April in Pispala. Anttila was detained at the Tampere camp but managed to escape in August. He fled to Sweden and moved to the Soviet Russia in 1919. Anttila joined the exile Communist Party of Finland in Saint Petersburg and took an officer course in the international class of the Bolshevik military academy. He fought in the Russian Civil War, took part of the repression of the 1921 Kronstadt Rebellion and was wounded in East Karelia in January 1922.[1]

After working as a teacher in the Bolshevik military academy, Anttila joined the Frunze Military Academy in 1930 and graduated 1933. He served in the Red Army in Karelia and was a military advisor in the Spanish Civil War in 1936–1939. He also served as a colonel in the staff of the general Dmitry Pavlov who commanded a brigade of Soviet tanks. Anttila was wounded in the Madrid Front and was promoted to the rank of brigadier commander equivalent to the rank of brigadier general.[1]

As the Winter War broke out in November 1939, Anttila was the commander of the Finnish People's Army and was nominated the Minister of Defense of the Finnish Democratic Republic. In June 1940 he was promoted to major general. 1941–1942 he served in the Western Front and the until 1944 in the Karelian Front. September 1944 Anttila returned the Western Front and took part of the Battle of Berlin under the command of the field marshal Georgy Zhukov. Anttila resigned in November 1945 due to health problems. He died in Moscow in 1953.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Salomaa, Markku (2 September 1998). "Anttila, Akseli (1897-1953)" (in fi). National Biographies of Finland. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 

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