Abu Laith al-Libi (Arabic: أبو الليث الليبي, c. 1967 – January 29, 2008, Mir Ali ) born Ali Ammar Ashur al-Rufayi, was a senior leader of the al-Qaeda movement in Afghanistan who appeared in several al-Qaeda videos. He was believed to have been active in the tribal regions of Waziristan. He also served as an al Qaeda spokesman. According to the Defense Intelligence Agency, he was an "expert in guerilla warfare."
The Defense Intelligence Agency says he was 41 at the time of his death, putting his birth date around 1967. In the 1980s he was one of the Afghan Arabs who came to Afghanistan to fight the Soviet Union during the Soviet-Afghan War. He returned to Libya in 1994 and took part in a failed attempt to oust Muammar Gaddafi. In the wake of this attempt al-Libi escaped to Saudi Arabia, where he was imprisoned in Riyadh following the Khobar Towers bombing. Sometime thereafter he was either released or managed to escape, and came to Afghanistan to collaborate with al-Qaeda and the Taliban. In 1997, a dispute between the two oldest brothers of the Canadian Khadr family, Abdullah and Abdurahman, was mediated by al-Libi, who earned their confidence and respect telling them about Dubai and Ferraris, and they later referred to him as a "really cool" person. In 2002, he approached the father Ahmed Khadr about letting the 15-year-old Omar serve as a translator for some Arab "visitors" in the region. When a gun-battle resulted in the young translator being sent to Guantanamo Bay, al-Libi tried to placate the family with gifts and apologies, but Khadr remained furious and refused to associate with al-Libi, whom he blamed for not taking care of his son.
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In May 2005 when Abu Faraj al-Libbi was captured in Pakistan, his identity was confused in many reports with Abu Laith al-Libi.
Al-Libi was seen in two online videos in 2007, the first of which called for the kidnapping of Westerners. The second claimed preparations were being made for war against Israel and the subsequent imposition of Islam in the world. In February of that year he is said to have been involved in the Bagram Air Base bombing, which al-Qaeda claimed was an attempted assassination of U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney. In November 2007 he reported the merger of Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, a Libyan group waging jihad against Gaddafi, with al-Qaeda; this would be his last public appearance before his death.
On January 31, 2008, Abu Laith al-Libi was reported to have been killed by a targeted killing drone attack from an unmanned CIA Predator drone, either late Monday, January 28, or early Tuesday, January 29, 2008. CNN attributed reports of his death to a "knowledgeable western official", and an "unnamed military source".
MSNBC reported that some intelligence sources describe him as the number three leader of al Qaeda.
"[Libi] was martyred with a group of his brothers in the land of Muslim Pakistan ... Though we are sad for his loss, he left a legacy that will inflame the enemy nation and religion."
— Ekhlaas.org, 
The Italian news source Adnkronos reported three other al Qaeda leaders were killed. They were Abu Obeida Tawari al-Obeidi, Abu Adel al-Kuwaiti and Abdel Ghaffar al-Darnawi.
The Kuwaiti news source Arab Times also reported Abu Adel al-Kuwaiti was killed in the airstrike, but it asserted he was a Saudi, in spite of his name. It reported the death in the airstrike of a second Saudi, named Tawari Rakhis Al-Mutairi, who had also lived in Kuwait for a long period of time.
- “The death last week of Abu Layth al-Libi, al Qaeda's charismatic senior military commander and a key link between al Qaeda and its affiliates in North Africa, is the most serious blow to the group’s top leadership since the December 2005 death of then-external operations chief Hamza Rabia.”
- "Top al-Qaeda commander 'killed'". BBC News. February 1, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/7220823.stm. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Christopher M. Blanchard (July 9, 2007). "Al Qaeda: Statements and Evolving Ideology". United States Department of State. http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL32759.pdf. Retrieved January 31, 2008. "Al Qaeda operational leader Abu Layth Al Libi also has claimed that "the preparations we [Al Qaeda] make and all the fighting in the cause of God we carry out in the east and west is preparation and training for fighting the Jews in the Al Aqsa Mosque [in Jerusalem]."" [dead link]
- "Terrorist Recognition Cards: Afghanistan/Pakistan". Defense Intelligence Agency. October 2006. http://www.dia.mil/site6_images/cards/AF.html. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- "Senior al-Qaeda operative in Afghanistan killed (2nd roundup)". Monsters and Critics. January 31, 2008. Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080204161202/http://news.monstersandcritics.com/southasia/news/article_1389373.php/Senior_al-Qaeda_operative_in_Afghanistan_killed__2nd_Roundup_. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Black, Ian; Siddique, Haroon (January 31, 2008). "Top al-Qaida leader 'killed' in Afghanistan". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080201162849/http://www.guardian.co.uk/alqaida/story/0,,2250281,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "A strike against al-Qaeda". The Economist. February 1, 2008. http://www.economist.com/world/international/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10632193. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- Shephard, Michelle (2008). Guantanamo's Child. John Wiley & Sons.
- Masood, Salman (May 4, 2005). "Suspected Senior Leader of Al Qaeda in Pakistan Is Captured". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/04/international/asia/04cnd-pakistan.html?hp&ex=1115265600&en=e190d5eb9d779215&ei=5094&partner=homepage&st=cse&sq=Senior+Al-Qaeda+leader+May+2005&scp=1. Retrieved February 7, 2008. "Today's report of the capture of a top Al Qaeda operative, Abu Farraj al-Libbi, represents a critical victory in the war on terror. Now al-Libbi was a top general for bin Laden. He was a major facilitator and chief planner for the Al Qaeda network. His arrest removed a dangerous enemy who was a direct threat to America."
- Rehab El-Buri, Jonathon Karl (January 31, 2008). "Top Al Qaeda Leader Killed". ABC News. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080203131749/http://www.abcnews.go.com/Blotter/story?id=4222911&page=1. Retrieved January 31, 2008. "A jihadi Web site today carried a banner congratulating the Muslim worldwide community for the 'martyrdom of Sheikh Abu Al-Laith Al-Libi.'"
- Pam Benson (January 31, 2008). "Sources: Top al Qaeda terrorist killed". CNN. http://www.cnn.co/2008/US/01/31/alqaeda.death/. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Al-Qaida leaders, associates". MSNBC. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080118101343/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4686491/page/5/. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Fireman, Ken (January 31, 2008). "Al-Qaeda Commander Libi Dies in Afghanistan, Web Site Reports". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a5fELTDs9ODY&refer=home. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Farrell, Michael (February 1, 2008). "Al Qaeda commander in Pakistan reportedly killed in U.S. missile strike". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080201212448/http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0201/p25s04-wosc.html. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
- "Terrorism: Three al-Qaeda leaders killed in US attack". Adnkronos. February 5, 2008. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080214182214/http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Security/?id=1.0.1845929971. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
- "‘Local’ Saudis killed with Libi". Arab Times. February 5, 2008. http://www.arabtimesonline.com/client/pagesdetails.asp?nid=11834&ccid=9. Retrieved February 6, 2008. [dead link]
- "American al-Qaeda leader also killed?". The News. February 9, 2008. Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080208073353/http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=12798. Retrieved February 9, 2008. [dead link]
- "Al Qaeda Remains Dangerous, Intel Chief Tells Senate". Newswire. February 5, 2008. http://media-newswire.com/release_1060466.html. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
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