Military Wiki
Advertisement
CT 10
Engin cible ARSAERO CT 10.jpg
Type Target drone
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1951–1960s
Used by Template:Bulleted list
Specifications

Engine pulsejet, two solid rockets
Wingspan 4.35 metres (14.3 ft)
Operational
range
30 minutes
Flight ceiling 4,000 metres (13,000 ft)
Speed 420 kilometres per hour (260 mph)
Guidance
system
Radio-guided
Launch
platform
Launch ramp

The ARSAERO CT 10, also known as the Arsenal/SFECMAS Ars 5501, was a remote-controlled target drone developed by the Arsenal de l'Aéronautique (ARSAERO) for the French Air Force. It was developed as a copy of the German V-1 flying bomb and was used to simulate bombers for training anti-aircraft artillery crews and fighter pilots.

History

The CT 10's design process began in August 1946 with reverse-engineering of V-1 missile stocks captured from the Luftwaffe. It was first launched from the Centre interarmées d'essais d'engins spéciaux missile range near Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, in December 1949 and became operational in 1952. It was mass-produced by Nord in Châtillon and Villeurbanne.[1] More than 400 copies were eventually built. The CT 10 was used primarily by France, though the United Kingdom, Italy, and Sweden used it as well. It was retired from French service during the 1950s in favour of more advanced derivatives such as the CT20 and CT41 but was still in widespread use by the British and Swedish air forces throughout the 1960s.[2]

Design

The CT 10 was ground-launched or air-launched. When ground-launched, it would be propelled down a launch ramp by a pair of solid rockets. When air-launched, it would be released from a LeO 45 bomber. It was then engaged by fighter aircraft or ground-based guns and missiles.[3]

The CT 10's design is largely identical to that of the V-1 missile it was based on. However, there were some important differences between the two:[2]

  • The CT 10 was scaled-down from the V-1: it is 6 m long, versus 8.32 m for the V-1.
  • The CT 10 was propelled down its launch ramp by a pair of solid rocket boosters, which had more thrust than the liquid-fueled Dampferzeuger ("Steam generator") used to launch the V-1. This allowed the CT 10's launch ramp to be considerably shorter.
  • The CT 10 was designed to be recovered, and therefore carried a parachute.
  • The CT 10 was radio-guided from a nearby ground station.

Surviving examples

A CT 10 is displayed in the Overlord Museum in Colleville-sur-Mer, France.[4]

Specifications

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1956–57[5]

General characteristics

  • Length: 6.014 m (19 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 4.30 m (14 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 1.092 m (3 ft 7 in)
  • Gross weight: 660 kg (1,455 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Arsenal pulse jet, 1.72 kN (386 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 460 km/h (286 mph; 248 kn) at 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • Range: 320 km (199 mi; 173 nmi)
  • Time to altitude: 10 min to 4,000 ft (1,200 m)

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References

  1. Société Européenne des Arts Graphiques, ed (1985) (in fr). Mémoire d'usine: 1924-1985 - 60 ans à la production d'avions et d'engins tactiques. p. 142–145. ISBN 2-86738-086-3. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 GMT, George (June 23, 2013). "Arms Encyclopedia: "Griffon"" (in Romanian). Arms Encyclopedia. Romania Military. https://www.rumaniamilitary.ro/enciclopedia-armelor-grifonul. Retrieved April 30, 2018. 
  3. Winter, Frank; Neufeld, Michael J. (August 2000). "Missile, Cruise, V-1 (Fi 103, FZG 76)". Smithsonian Institution. https://www.si.edu/object/nasm_A19720633000. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  4. "D-Day: Overlord Museum – Colleville-sur-Mer, France". September 10, 2017. https://www.landmarkscout.com/d-day-overlord-museum-colleville-sur-mer/. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  5. Bridgman, Leonard (1956). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1956–57. New York: The McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.. p. 151. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Advertisement