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AN/SPS-39
File:File:AN-SPS-39 Atlanta 1964.JPG
AN/SPS-39 aboard a USS Atlanta
Country of origin United States
Introduced 1960
Number built 89
Type 3D
Frequency S Band
Pulse Repetition Frequency 1850 Hz
Beamwidth 1.1° × 2.25°
Pulsewidth 4 µs
Range 296 km (160 nmi)
Azimuth Unlimited
Power 1 MW

AN/SPS-39 is a three-dimensional radar was manufactured by Hughes Aircraft Company. It was used by the US Navy as a parabolic-cylinder reflector antenna after World War II, and was equipped aboard naval ships during the Cold War. It was mass-produced based on AN/SPS-26, and was also the first 3D radar deployed by the US Navy in the fleet. It later evolved into an improved AN/SPS-52.

AN/SPS-39

Immediately after World War II, the development of a radar with a new principle called 3D radar began. First, the multi-beam type AN/SPS-2 was developed, but the mechanism was too complicated, so it was only prototyped. Later, as an epoch-making electronic scanning method, Mr. Yarou of Hughes developed a method called frequency scanning (FRESCAN). This changed the phase of the radio wave by changing the frequency of the emitted radio wave, and directed the radio wave beam.[1]

In response to this, the AN/SPS-26 was prototyped as an experimental aircraft radar that adopted the FRESCAN method for vertical scanning and the mechanical method by turning the antenna for horizontal scanning. The land test was started in 1953, and the offshore test was started in August 1957 in Norfolk. And as a practical machine with improved reliability, this machine was handed over to the Navy in January 1960.

Design

As the antenna, a vertically long cylindrical parabolic antenna similar to AN/SPS-26 is used. However, while AN/SPS-26 was electronically stabilized, AN/SPS-39 introduced a mechanical stabilization mechanism that was diverted from the elevation radar. Later, MTI technology was also adopted. Mean time between failures (MTBF) was only 14.2 hours during testing from 1960 to 1962, but with later improvements, Series III was 43.2 hours on Sampson-equipped aircraft, and USS Galveston. It was supposed to be 67.4 hours on the onboard aircraft.[2]

The AN/SPS-42, which later introduced an interface with the Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS), and the further improved AN/SPS-52 were developed. The AN/SPS-39 Series III, which was deployed in 1963, uses a planar array antenna of the same type as the AN/SPS-52, which makes it visually indistinguishable from the AN/SPS-52.

AN/SPS-39 aboard Giuseppe Garibaldi

Onboard ships

United States United States

Japan Japan

Germany Germany

France France

Italy Italy

Netherlands Netherlands

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Citations

  1. Friedman, Norman (1981). Naval Radar. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9780870219672. 
  2. Friedman, Norman (1997). The Naval Institute guide to world naval weapon systems 1997-1998. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781557502681. 

References

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