|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States Navy|
|Designer||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Weight||580 pounds (260 kg)|
|Length||13 feet 11.25 inches (4.25 m)|
|length||9 feet 6 inches (2.90 m) w/out booster|
|Diameter||8.9 inches (230 mm)|
|Warhead weight||25 pounds (11 kg)|
Booster: Solid-fuel rocket
|Wingspan||3 ft 2.8 in (0.986 m)|
|25 miles (40 km)|
|Flight altitude||Max at launch, 10 miles (16 km)|
|Semi-active radar homing|
The AAM-N-5 Meteor was an early American air-to-air missile, developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bell Aircraft for the United States Navy. Designed for launch from carrier-based aircraft, the program proceeded to the flight testing stage before being cancelled.
Development of the Meteor was loosely defined at first, with both surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles being studied by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a contract awarded in November 1945 by the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Ordnance; the decision was made to construct the air-to-air version for testing, with construction of the airframe being assigned to Bell Aircraft.
As built, the AAM-N-5 Meteor was a two-stage missile, utilizing semi-active radar homing; the first stage consisted of a solid-fueled rocket booster, with the main sustainer stage utilizing liquid fuels. It had a range of 25 miles (40 km), and reached speeds of over Mach 2, with some sources claiming a top speed of Mach 3. Control was provided by cruciform fins.
Flight testing of the AAM-N-5 began in July 1948 at the Naval Ordnance Test Station, with Douglas JD-1 Invader utility aircraft acting as the launching platform. Starting in 1951, test launches were conducted using Douglas F3D Skyknight nightfighters as carrier aircraft; fifteen launches were also made from ground launchers at NOTS' China Lake range. However, in 1953 the program was cancelled, as better missiles were becoming available.
An advanced version of Meteor, Meteor II, was assigned to be built by United Aircraft; it was intended to have a solid-fueled booster rocket with a ramjet sustainer stage, but was not built.
- Parsch 2003
- Friedman 1982, p.275.
- Babcock 2008, p.20-21.
- "Aircraft Armament, Part 2: Missiles and Projectiles". Flight International, 28 January 1955, p.118.
- Ordway and Wakeford 1960, p.187.
- Babcock, Elizabeth (2008). Magnificent Mavericks: transition of the Naval Ordnance Test Station from rocket station to research, development, test and evaluation center, 1948-58. History of the Navy at China Lake, California. 3. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0945274568.
- Friedman, Norman (1982). U.S. Naval Weapons: every gun, missile, mine, and torpedo used by the U.S. Navy from 1883 to the present day. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-735-7.
- Ordway, Frederick Ira; Ronald C. Wakeford (1960). International Missile and Spacecraft Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill. ASIN B000MAEGVC.
- <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>Parsch, Andreas (2003). "MIT/Bell AAM-N-5 Meteor". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. designation-systems.net. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|