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5th Destroyer Squadron
Active March 1947 – February 2002
Disbanded 2002
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  Royal Navy
Size Squadron

The 5th Destroyer Squadron [1] was a naval unit of the Royal Navy from 1947 to 2002.

History[]

After World War Two, the British Navy reverted to its previous layout and command structure in February 1947 the 5th Destroyer Flotilla of the Home Fleet was disbanded [2] and succeeded by the 5th Destroyer Squadron. The Admiralty controlled global deployment of the navy until 1964 when that department was abolished and replaced by the new Navy Department, Ministry of Defence. These geographic commands usually comprised fleets, squadrons, flotillas, and single ships. In 1954, major re-structuring of the composition of the navy was undertaken, leading to downsizing and warships being rotated between the various fleets and stations. Between 1954 and 1971, many commands were either abolished or amalgamated into larger geographic commands. By the end of 1966 all royal navy squadrons were disbanded. Squadrons remaining in the Far East Fleet were renamed, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Far East Destroyer Squadrons. No squadrons existed in the Western Fleet for the period 1967-1971.[3] In November 1971, nearly all British naval forces were brought under the command of a single fleet whose headquarters was at Northwood, Middlesex then under the control of Commander-in-Chief Fleet. From 1981 to 2002, both Type 42 destroyers and frigates during this period were deployed to squadrons and the same ship class.[4] In peacetime the squadron's role was usually administrative and during the last two decades of its existence the squadron was based at HMNB Portsmouth.

Operational deployments[]

Included:[5]

from to deployed to additional notes
March 1947 August 1954 Home Fleet on general assignments
September 1954 June 1955 Mediterranean Fleet on general assignments
July 1955 February 1956 Home Fleet on general assignments
March 1956 January 1957 Mediterranean Fleet on general assignments
February 1957 August 1957 Home Fleet on general assignments
September 1957 June 1958 Mediterranean Fleet on general assignments
July 1958 December 1958 Home Fleet on general assignments
January 1959 December 1959 Disbanded undergoing re-fits
January 1961 August 1961 Home Fleet on general assignments
September 1961 April 1962 Mediterranean Fleet on general assignments
May 1962 January 1963 Home Fleet on general assignments
February 1963 November 1980 Disbanded
December 1980 April 1992 Second Flotilla, HMNB Portsmouth Type 42 group
May 1992 February 2002 Fleet, HMNB Portsmouth Type 42 group

Composition[]

Included:[6]
United Kingdom, Home Fleet from March 1947
5th Destroyer Squadron

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1947
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Cadiz
  • HMS Gabbard
  • HMS St. James
  • HMS St. Kitts
  • HMS Sluys

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1948
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Cadiz
  • HMS Gabbard
  • HMS St. James
  • HMS St. Kitts
  • HMS Sluys

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1949
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Cadiz
  • HMS Gabbard
  • HMS St. James
  • HMS St. Kitts
  • HMS Sluys

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1950
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Cadiz
  • HMS Gabbard - (09-1950)
  • HMS St. James - (09-1950)
  • HMS St. Kitts
  • HMS Sluys

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1951
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Cadiz - later replaced by HMS Gabbard
  • HMS St. Kitts - later replaced by HMS St James
  • HMS Sluys

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1952
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader)
  • HMS Gabbard
  • HMS St James
  • HMS St Kitts
  • HMS Sluys - (09-1952)

United Kingdom, Home Fleet 1953
5th Destroyer Squadron

  • HMS Solebay (Leader) - (07.1953)
  • HMS Gabbard - (02-1954)
  • HMS St James - (06-1953)
  • HMS St Kitts - (07-1953)

United Kingdom, Home Fleet to August 1954
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Medierranean Fleet September 1954-June 1955
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet July 1955- February 1956
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet March 1956-January 1957
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet February 1957- August 1957
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet September 1957-June 1958
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet July 1958- December 1958
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet January 1961-August 1961
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet September 1961-April 1962
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Home Fleet May 1962-January 1963
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Second Flotilla, Portsmouth December 1980-April 1992
5th Destroyer Squadron,

United Kingdom, Fleet, Portsmouth May 1992-February 2002
5th Destroyer Squadron,

  • HMS Exeter, (Leader), (1980–84), (1989–96)
  • HMS Southampton, (08.1981-02.2002)
  • HMS Southampton, (Leader) (1985–89)
  • HMS Cardiff (03.86-02-02)
  • HMS Cardiff, (Leader) (1998-2002)
  • HMS Liverpool (05.82-02.02)
  • HMS Nottingham (11.82-02.02)
  • HMS Manchester (11.82-02.02)
  • HMS Gloucester (05.85-02.02
  • HMS Newcastle (03.86–02.02)

Squadron commander[]

Commanders [7] Lead Ship Dates
Captain Ralph L. Fisher HMS Solebay March 1947-August 1948
Captain Robert A. Currie HMS Solebay August 1948-August 1949
Captain Thomas V. Briggs HMS Solebay August 1949-December 1950
Captain Geoffrey Thistleton-Smith HMS Solebay :December 1950-April 1952
Captain John G. Hamilton HMS Solebay April 1952 – 1953
Captain's ? HMS Solebay/HMS Duchess 1954-1957
Captain Edward A.S. Bailey HMS Duchess September 1958 – 1959
Captain's ? HMS Duchess 1960-1963
Squadron Disbanded 1964-1979
Captain Jeremy C. Dreyer HMS Exeter December 1980-February 1982
Captain Hugh M. Balfour HMS Exeter February 1982-June 1983
Captain George M. Tullis HMS Exeter June 1983-July 1984
Captain David S. Dobson HMS Exeter/ HMS Southampton July 1984-October 1985
Captain C. Christopher Morgan HMS Southampton :October 1985 – 1987
Captain Stephen Taylor HMS Southampton 1987-January 1989
Captain Nigel R. Essenhigh HMS Exeter April 1989-August 1991
Captain John R. Cartwright HMS Exeter August 1991-May 1993
Captain John R. Hance HMS Exeter May 1993 – 1995
Captain Paul W. Herrington HMS Exeter 1995-December 1996
Captain Hugh A.H.G. Edleston HMS Exeter/ HMS Cardiff December 1996-July 1998
Captain Stephen Jermy [8] HMS Cardiff July 1998-December 1999
Captain Neil Morisetti [9] HMS Cardiff December 1999-June 2001
Captain Timothy P. Fraser HMS Cardiff June 2001-February 2002 (also Capt D3 from Nov 2001)

Of note, for the last few months of its existence, Command of the 5th Destroyer Squadron was combined with that of the 3rd Destroyer Squadron, as the "Commander of the 3rd and 5th Destroyer Squadrons" prior to abolition of both squadrons and the incorporation of all the Type 42 Destroyers within the newly established Portsmouth Flotilla.

See also[]

References[]

  1. Jane, Frederick Thomas (1998) (in en). Jane's Fighting Ships. S. Low, Marston & Company. p. 751. ISBN 9780710617958. https://books.google.lk/books?id=wNUqAQAAMAAJ&q=5th+destroyer+squadron+royal+navy&dq=5th+destroyer+squadron+royal+navy&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjayZGI--7SAhUFR48KHX76AuI4ChDoAQgbMAE. 
  2. Kindell, Don; Mason, Geoff Lt-Cdr RN; Smith, Gordon; Watson, Dr, Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Deployments, (1815 to 2013), 1815-1914, Pax Britannia, 1914-1918, World War One, 1918-1939, Interwar Years, 1939-1945, World War 2, 1945-2013, Post War" (in en-gb). Gordon Smith, 1998-2017. http://www.naval-history.net/. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  3. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013". Graham Smith, 12 July 2015. http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1947-2013.htm#1. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  4. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013". Graham Smith, 12 July 2015. http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1947-2013.htm#1. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  5. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013". Gordon Smith, 12 July 2015. http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1947-2013.htm#3cds. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  6. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013". Gordon Smith, 12 July 2015. http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1947-2013.htm. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  7. Mackie, Colin, (2017), Royal Navy Senior Appointments, Gulabin, pp. 223-225.
  8. Jermy, Steven (2011) (in en). Strategy for Action: Using Force Wisely in the 21st Century. Knightstone Publishing Ltd. pp. 1–13. ISBN 9781908134004. https://books.google.lk/books?id=E5mpnWpM2NAC&pg=PA339&dq=5th+destroyer+squadron+royal+navy&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjQ77mH-O7SAhVLq48KHa65AfcQ6AEIJTAC#v=onepage&q=5th%20destroyer%20squadron%20royal%20navy&f=false. 
  9. "Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti CB BSc UK Climate and Energy Security Envoy". European Parliament, 2009-2014. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/sede/dv/sede110712cvmorisetti_/sede110712cvmorisetti_en.pdf. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 

Attribution[]

This article contains some minor copied content from this article 4th Destroyer Squadron.

Sources[]

  • Mackie. Colin (2017). Senior Royal Navy Appointments from 1865: Gulabin. http://www.gulabin.com/.
  • Smith. Gordon and Watson, Graham. Dr. (2015) The Royal Navy, post 1945. Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1947-2013. http://www.naval-history.net.

External links[]

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