54th Infantry Brigade
54th (East Anglia) Brigade
18th Division insignia, World War I
18th (Eastern) Division|
18th Infantry Division
|Garrison/HQ||Prince William of Gloucester Barracks, Grantham|
|Sir William Heneker|
First World War
The brigade was originally raised in September 1914, as the 54th Brigade, in the First World War as part of Kitchener's New Armies and joined the 18th (Eastern) Division, serving with it throughout the war mainly on the Western Front from 1915 to 1918.
Order of battle
The 54th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war: 
- 10th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (left October 1914)
- 11th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
- 12th (Service) Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment (left February 1915)
- 12th (Service) Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) (disbanded February 1918)
- 8th (Service) Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment (from November 1914)
- 7th (Service) Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment (joined February 1915)
- 2nd (Service) Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment (from May 1918)
- 54th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (formed 13 February 1916, moved to 18th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps 16 February 1918)
- 54th Trench Mortar Battery (formed 1 June 1915)
Second World War
The brigade was disbanded in 1919 after the war. Reformed in 1939 in the Territorial Army (TA) as the 54th Infantry Brigade, it was part of the 18th Infantry Division. The brigade spent the early years of World War II in the United Kingdom on home defence and training duties, anticipating a German invasion. With the rest of the division, the brigade was sent to Singapore, under the command of Brigadier Edward Backhouse, in 1942 and, after the Battle of Singapore against the Imperial Japanese Army, surrendered along with the rest of the Singapore garrison. They became prisoners of the Japanese for the next three years in harsh and degrading treatment.
Order of battle
The 54th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:
- 4th Battalion, Royal Norfolk Regiment
- 4th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
- 5th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
- 54th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 7 November, disbanded 14 December 1940)
In the 1980s, the 54th Brigade was again active as 54th (East Anglia) Brigade, a Territorial Army regional brigade in the United Kingdom.
Structure in 1989:
- 1st Battalion, Royal Highland Fusiliers - Light Role Infantry Battalion
- Queen's Own Mercian Yeomanry (TA) - Armored Car Reconnaissance Regiment
- 3rd Battalion, Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (TA) - Light Role Reserve Infantry Battalion
- 3rd Battalion, Yorkshire Volunteers (TA) - Light Role Reserve Infantry Battalion
- 4th Battalion, Yorkshire Volunteers (TA) - Light Role Reserve Infantry Battalion
- 6th Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment (TA) - Light Role Reserve Infantry Battalion
- "18th (Eastern) Division". The Long Long Trail. http://www.1914-1918.net/18div.htm.
- "United States Army Command and General Staff College". http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/939BXIE.pdf.
- David Isby and Charles Kamps Jr., Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985
- "49 Brigade: History". Ministry of Defence. http://www.army.mod.uk/structure/30010.aspx.
- Rowan, E. W. J. (1919). The 54th Infantry Brigade, 1914–1918; Some Records of Battle and Laughter in France. London: Gale & Polden. OCLC 752706407. https://archive.org/details/54thinfantrybrig00rowaiala. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
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