|51st Military Police Battalion|
51st Military Police Battalion Coat of Arms
|Allegiance||State of South Carolina|
|Garrison/HQ||Florence, South Carolina|
|Motto(s)||"Ready to Respond"|
|Colors||Green and Gold|
|Maj. Michael Jones|
|Lt. Col. Erika Perry|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
The 51st Military Police Battalion is a military police battalion of the South Carolina Army National Guard. The battalion headquarters is in Florence, South Carolina with subordinate units in West Columbia and Timmonsville.
The Florence unit whose lineage is continued by the 51st Military Police Battalion headquarters and headquarters detachment began on 6 December 1926 as Battery A of the 263rd Coast Artillery Battalion. The battalion was redesignated as a regiment, the 263rd Coast Artillery, on 10 June 1930. A second Florence coast artillery unit, Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 263rd Coast Artillery, was organized on 15 April 1940. The descendant of the 263rd Coast Artillery, the whole regiment, itself, rather than just Batteries A and HQ, is now the 263rd Army Air and Missile Defense Command. The 263rd Coast Artillery was called up for Federal service on 13 January 1941 and spent World War II manning the defenses of Charleston Harbor. The 263rd Coast Artillery was broken up at Fort Bragg on 1 October 1944, with the Headquarters Battery of the 1st Battalion disbanded and Battery A being redesignated as the 248th Coast Artillery Battery. The 248th was itself inactivated on 10 November at Fort Bragg.
Antiaircraft artillery and infantry
The South Carolina National Guard was reformed postwar. Battery D of the 713th Antiaircraft Artillery (AAA) Gun Battalion, reorganized and Federally recognized on 21 March 1947, continued the lineage of both Florence coast artillery units. In the following years two new Florence units were organized: Company I of the 118th Infantry, part of the 51st Infantry Division, on 10 April 1947 and the Medical Detachment of the 713th AAA Gun Battalion on 3 January 1949. The 713th was called up for Federal service during the Korean War on 15 August 1950 and released back to state control on 14 June 1952. The battalion was redesignated as the 713th AAA Battalion on 1 October 1953 and on 13 May 1958 the medical detachment was redesignated as the Medical Section of the battalion headquarters battery. Under the Pentomic reorganization of the South Carolina Army National Guard, the three Florence units were consolidated as the headquarters company of the 3rd Battle Group of the 118th Infantry on 1 April 1959. In the ROAD reorganization of 1 January 1963 the battle group was reorganized as the 3rd Battalion, 118th Infantry and the 51st Infantry Division eliminated.
The battalion headquarters company was converted into the headquarters and headquarters detachment of the new 51st Military Police Battalion on 1 January 1968 during a reorganization of the South Carolina Army National Guard. The battalion included the 132nd Military Police Company at Florence, the 133rd Military Police Company at Timmonsville, and the 132nd Medical Company (Clearing) at Darlington. In May 1969 the 132nd and 133rd Military Police Companies were called up for state active duty in response to the 1969 Charleston hospital strike. They spent a week in Charleston confronting the strikers.
In May 1973, two women who joined the 132nd Medical Company became the first women in the previously all-male South Carolina Army National Guard. The battalion headquarters participated in two-week annual training at Fort Stewart during the summer of 1973 together with other South Carolina Army National Guard units of the 2nd Brigade, 30th Infantry Division. As of 2010 it also included the 131st Military Police Company at Beaufort, converted in 2008 from Troop B, 202nd Cavalry as a result of the elimination of the 218th Infantry Brigade.
- Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (HHD), Florence
- 132nd Military Police Company (132nd MPC) (Combat Support), West Columbia
- 133rd Military Police Company (133rd MPC) (Combat Support), Timmonsville
List of Commanders
|Lt. Col. Lawrence Miller||2010|
|Maj. Stanley O'Neal||2010|
|Lt. Col. Erika Perry||--||July 15th, 2020 |
|Maj. Michael Jones||July 15th, 2020||Present|
- "51st Military Police Battalion". Institute of the Heraldry. https://tioh.army.mil/Catalog/HeraldryMulti.aspx?CategoryId=3922&grp=2&menu=Uniformed%20Services.
- Wright 1992, pp. 90–91.
- English Jr., Tom (26 November 1967). "Guard Reorganization Affects Units Over Area". Florence Morning News. p. 2-A. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/56963239/3118-inf-m-to-51st-mp-bn/.
- "County Guardsmen Go To Charleston". Florence Morning News. 5 May 1969. p. 1-A. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/65466471/mps-to-charleston/.
- Mauldin, Douglas (6 May 1969). "Guard Rotating Its Units In Charleston Every Four Days". The Greenville News. p. 15. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/65466994/scarng-charleston-riot-duty-rotation/.
- Simmons, Thomas C. (24 May 1969). "Guardsmen Employers Thanked". Florence Morning News. p. 4-A. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/65466684/132nd-mp-co-thanks-employers/.
- "Army National Guard Opens Doors to Women". Gaffney Ledger. 16 May 1973. p. 6A. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/65465359/women-join-scarng/.
- "State Guardsmen Open OSD Test 2 Training". The Gaffney Ledger. 1 August 1973. p. 10A. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/65464563/scarng-1973-at/.
- Purvis, Carlton (11 September 2010). "51st Military Police Battalion changes command". SCNow. https://scnow.com/news/local/51st-military-police-battalion-changes-command/article_82039b84-409e-57ec-98b2-46e450594ae9.html.
- Ackerman, Meghann (13 October 2008). "Storied Beaufort National Guard unit won't be sending in the cavalry anymore". The Beaufort Gazette.
- "Change of Command". https://scnow.com/gallery/news/photos-change-of-command/collection_62625836-c6d1-11ea-b401-8b7523fc2a56.html.
- Wright, Robert K. (1992). Military Police (Army Lineage Series). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History. LCCN 91-22813. https://history.army.mil/html/books/060/60-9-1/cmhPub_60-9-1.pdf.
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